Meaning of TREE in English


tree S1 W1 /triː/ BrE AmE noun [countable]

[ Language: Old English ; Origin: treow ]

1 . a very tall plant that has branches and leaves, and lives for many years:

As a kid, I loved to climb trees.

a cherry/peach/apple etc tree

We planted a peach tree in the backyard.

the trunk of an old oak tree (=the main central part, from which the branches grow)

2 . a drawing that connects things with lines to show how they are related to each other ⇨ FAMILY TREE, CHRISTMAS TREE

⇨ top of the tree at ↑ top 1 (3), ⇨ it doesn’t grow on trees at ↑ grow (7), ⇨ be up a gum tree at ↑ gum tree (2)

• • •


■ types of tree

▪ evergreen adjective an evergreen tree does not lose its leaves in winter:

English ivy is evergreen and grows even during the winter.

▪ deciduous adjective a deciduous tree loses its leaves in winter:

The oak is deciduous, but loses its leaves late in the year.

▪ conifer noun [countable] a tree such as a pine or fir that has leaves like needles and produces cones containing seeds:

The owners have planted conifers along the fence in order to reduce the traffic noise.


a dwarf conifer

▪ fruit tree noun [countable] a tree that produces fruit that can be eaten:

Fruit trees such as apples and pears can be pruned during the winter months.

▪ sapling noun [countable] a young tree:

It's best to buy young saplings rather than fully-grown trees.

■ areas of trees

▪ copse noun [countable] a small group of trees:

a small copse of fir trees

▪ woodland noun [uncountable] land covered with trees:

the maintenance of ancient woodland


woodland areas

▪ wood noun [countable] ( also woods ) a large area with many trees:

We went for a walk in the woods.

▪ forest noun [uncountable and countable] a very large area with a lot of trees growing closely together:

pine forests


They worked as tree planters in the forests of Washington State.


The forest fire was started by a discarded cigarette.

▪ rainforest noun [uncountable and countable] a tropical forest with tall trees, in an area where it rains a lot:

the Amazon rainforest


12 million acres of rainforest have been destroyed.

▪ jungle noun [uncountable and countable] a tropical forest with trees and large plants:

The wreckage of the plane was found in dense jungle.


a remote jungle area

■ material from trees

▪ wood noun [uncountable and countable] the usual word for the hard material that trees are made of:

They were chopping wood for the fire.


The doors are made of solid wood.


wood flooring

▪ timber British English , lumber American English noun [uncountable] wood used for building and making things:

a timber company


softwood lumber

▪ hardwood noun [uncountable and countable] strong heavy wood from trees such as oak:

hardwood floors


hardwoods such as teak

▪ softwood noun [uncountable and countable] wood from trees such as pine and fir that is cheap and easy to cut:

Most tables are made from softwood.

▪ firewood noun [uncountable] wood that has been cut or collected in order to be burned in a fire:

They collected branches that could be used for firewood.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.