Meaning of VIRTUAL in English

vir ‧ tu ‧ al AC /ˈvɜːtʃuəl $ ˈvɜːr-/ BrE AmE adjective [only before noun]

[ Word Family: adverb : ↑ virtually ; adjective : ↑ virtual ]

[ Date: 1300-1400 ; Language: Medieval Latin ; Origin: virtualis 'having certain qualities or powers' , from Latin virtus ; ⇨ ↑ virtue ]

1 . very nearly a particular thing:

Car ownership is a virtual necessity when you live in the country.

Finding a cheap place to rent is a virtual impossibility in this area.

2 . made, done, seen etc on the Internet or on a computer, rather than in the real world:

The website allows you to take a virtual tour of the art gallery.

constructing virtual worlds

• • •


▪ artificial not real or natural, but made to look or work like something real or natural:

artificial flowers


He was given an artificial heart.

▪ synthetic made using chemical processes rather than by natural processes:

synthetic fabrics


a synthetic version of the drug

▪ man-made made by people – used especially about geographical features and materials:

a man-made lake


man-made fibres

▪ fake made to look or seem like something else, especially in order to deceive people:

a fake passport


fake fur

▪ imitation made to look like something, but not real – used especially about guns, jewellery, and leather:

imitation firearms


imitation pearls

▪ false artificial – used especially about teeth, ↑ eyelash es , and ↑ beard s :

a set of false teeth

▪ simulated not real, but made to look, sound, or feel real, especially by means of special computers or machines:

a simulated space flight

▪ virtual made, done, seen etc on a computer, rather than in the real world:

a virtual tour of the garden

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.