Meaning of SHORT in English

I. adjective Etymology: Middle English, from Old English sceort; akin to Old High German scurz ~, Old Norse skortr lack Date: before 12th century 1. having little length, not tall or high ; low , 2. not extended in time ; brief , not retentive , expeditious , quick , seeming to pass quickly , 3. having a relatively ~ duration, being the member of a pair of similarly spelled vowel or vowel-containing sounds that is descended from a vowel that was ~ in duration but is no longer so and that does not necessarily have duration as its chief distinguishing feature , c. of a syllable in prosody of relatively brief duration, unstressed , limited in distance , 5. not coming up to a measure or requirement ; insufficient , not reaching far enough , enduring privation, insufficiently supplied , 6. abrupt , curt , quickly provoked , choppy 2, payable at an early date , 9. containing or cooked with ~ening, brittle under certain conditions, 10. not lengthy or drawn out , made briefer ; abbreviated, 11. not having goods or property that one has sold in anticipation of a fall in prices, consisting of, relating to, or engaging in the sale of securities or commodities that the seller does not possess or has not contracted for at the time of the sale , near the end of a tour of duty, ~ish adjective ~ness noun II. adverb Date: 14th century in a curt manner, for or during a brief time , at a disadvantage ; unawares , in an abrupt manner ; suddenly , at some point or degree before a goal or limit aimed at or under consideration , clean across , by or as if by a ~ sale, III. noun Date: circa 1586 the sum and substance ; upshot , 2. a ~ syllable, a ~ sound or signal, 3. plural a by-product of wheat milling that includes the germ, fine bran, and some flour, refuse, clippings, or trimmings discarded in various manufacturing processes, 4. knee-length or less than knee-length trousers, ~ drawers, a size in clothing for ~ men, 5. one who operates on the ~ side of the market, ~-term bonds, deficiencies, ~ circuit , ~stop , 9. ~ subject , a brief story or article (as in a newspaper), IV. transitive verb Date: 1904 ~-circuit , ~change , cheat , to sell (a security) ~ in expectation of a fall in prices

Merriam Webster. Explanatory English dictionary Merriam Webster.      Толковый словарь английского языка Мерриам-Уэбстер.