Meaning of FLAT in English


Pronunciation: ' flat

Function: adjective

Inflected Form: flat · ter ; flat · test

Etymology: Middle English, from Old Norse flatr; akin to Old High German flaz flat, and probably to Greek platys broad ― more at PLACE

Date: 14th century

1 a : lying at full length or spread out upon the ground : PROSTRATE b : utterly ruined or destroyed c : resting with a surface against something

2 a : having a continuous horizontal surface b : being or characterized by a horizontal line or tracing without peaks or depressions <a flat EEG>

3 : having a relatively smooth or even surface

4 : arranged or laid out so as to be level or even

5 a : having the major surfaces essentially parallel and distinctly greater than the minor surfaces <a flat piece of wood> b of a shoe heel : very low and broad

6 a : clearly unmistakable : DOWNRIGHT <a flat denial> b (1) : not varying : FIXED <a flat rate> (2) : having no fraction either lacking or in excess : EXACT <in a flat 10 seconds> (3) of a frequency response : not varying significantly throughout its range

7 a : lacking in animation, zest, or vigor : DULL <life seemed flat without her> b : lacking flavor : TASTELESS c : lacking effervescence or sparkle < flat ginger ale> d : commercially inactive also : characterized by no significant rise or decline from one period to another <sales were flat > e of a tire : lacking air : DEFLATED f chiefly British of a battery : DEAD 3C , DISCHARGED

8 a (1) of a tone : lowered a half step in pitch (2) : lower than the proper pitch b of the vowel a : pronounced as in bad or bat

9 a : having a low trajectory b of a tennis stroke : made so as to give little or no spin to the ball

10 of a sail : TAUT

11 a : uniform in hue or shade b : having little or no illusion of depth c of a photograph or negative : lacking contrast d of lighting conditions : lacking shadows or contours e : free from gloss <a flat paint> f : TWO-DIMENSIONAL 3 < flat characters>

12 : of, relating to, or used in competition on the flat <a flat horse>

13 of a universe : having a mass such that expansion halts only after infinite time and collapse never occurs

synonyms see LEVEL , INSIPID

– flat · ly adverb

– flat · ness noun

– flat · tish \ ' fla-tish \ adjective

Merriam Webster Collegiate English Dictionary.      Merriam Webster - Энциклопедический словарь английского языка.