Meaning of HISTORY in English

HISTORY

transcription, транскрипция: [ ˈhis-t(ə-)rē ]

noun

( plural -ries )

Etymology: Middle English histoire, historie, from Anglo-French estoire, histoire, from Latin historia, from Greek, inquiry, history, from histōr, istōr knowing, learned; akin to Greek eidenai to know — more at wit

Date: 14th century

1. : tale , story

2.

a. : a chronological record of significant events (as affecting a nation or institution) often including an explanation of their causes

b. : a treatise presenting systematically related natural phenomena

c. : an account of a patient's medical background

d. : an established record

a prisoner with a history of violence

3. : a branch of knowledge that records and explains past events

medieval history

4.

a. : events that form the subject matter of a history

b. : events of the past

c. : one that is finished or done for

the winning streak was history

you're history

d. : previous treatment, handling, or experience (as of a metal)

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.