Meaning of INVERSION in English

INVERSION

transcription, транскрипция: [ in-ˈvər-zhən, -shən ]

noun

Date: 1586

1. : a reversal of position, order, form, or relationship: as

a.

(1) : a change in normal word order ; especially : the placement of a verb before its subject

(2) : the process or result of changing or reversing the relative positions of the notes of a musical interval, chord, or phrase

b. : the condition of being turned inward or inside out

c. : a breaking off of a chromosome section and its subsequent reattachment in inverted position ; also : a chromosomal section that has undergone this process

2. : the act or process of inverting

3.

a. : a change in the order of the terms of a mathematical proportion effected by inverting each ratio

b. : the operation of forming the inverse of a magnitude, a function, an operation, or an element

4.

a. : the conversion of dextrorotatory sucrose into a levorotatory mixture of glucose and fructose

b. : a change from one stereochemical figuration at a chiral center in a usually organic molecule to the opposite configuration that is brought about by a reaction in which a substitution of one group is made for a different group

5. : homosexuality

6. : an increase of temperature with height through a layer of air

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.