Meaning of PERIOD in English

I. ˈpir-ē-əd noun

Etymology: Middle English periode, from Middle French, from Medieval Latin, Latin, & Greek; Medieval Latin periodus period of time, punctuation mark, from Latin & Greek; Latin, rhetorical period, from Greek periodos circuit, period of time, rhetorical period, from peri- + hodos way

Date: circa 1530

1. : the completion of a cycle, a series of events, or a single action : conclusion



(1) : an utterance from one full stop to another : sentence

(2) : a well-proportioned sentence of several clauses

(3) : periodic sentence

b. : a musical structure or melodic section usually composed of two or more contrasting or complementary phrases and ending with a cadence


a. : the full pause with which the utterance of a sentence closes

b. : end , stop

4. obsolete : goal , purpose



(1) : a point . used to mark the end (as of a declarative sentence or an abbreviation)

(2) — used interjectionally to emphasize the finality of the preceding statement

I don't remember — period

b. : a rhythmical unit in Greek verse composed of a series of two or more cola


a. : a portion of time determined by some recurring phenomenon


(1) : the interval of time required for a cyclic motion or phenomenon to complete a cycle and begin to repeat itself

(2) : a number k that does not change the value of a periodic function f when added to the independent variable ; especially : the smallest such number

c. : a single cyclic occurrence of menstruation


a. : a chronological division : stage

b. : a division of geologic time longer than an epoch and included in an era

c. : a stage of culture having a definable place in time and space


a. : one of the divisions of the academic day

b. : one of the divisions of the playing time of a game


period , epoch , era , age mean a division of time. period may designate an extent of time of any length

periods of economic prosperity

epoch applies to a period begun or set off by some significant or striking quality, change, or series of events

the steam engine marked a new epoch in industry

era suggests a period of history marked by a new or distinct order of things

the era of global communications

age is used frequently of a fairly definite period dominated by a prominent figure or feature

the age of Samuel Johnson

II. adjective

Date: 1905

: of, relating to, or representing a particular historical period

period furniture

period costumes

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.