Meaning of PERIOD in English

/ ˈpɪəriəd; NAmE ˈpɪr-/ noun , adverb , adjective

■ noun



a particular length of time :

a period of consultation / mourning / uncertainty

The factory will be closed down over a 2-year period / a period of two years.

This compares with a 4% increase for the same period last year.

This offer is available for a limited period only.

All these changes happened over a period of time .

The aim is to reduce traffic at peak periods .

You can have it for a trial period (= in order to test it) .

—see also cooling-off period


a length of time in the life of a particular person or in the history of a particular country :

Which period of history would you most like to have lived in?

the post-war period

Like Picasso, she too had a blue period.

Most teenagers go through a period of rebelling.


( geology ) a length of time which is a division of an era :

the Jurassic period



any of the parts that a day is divided into at a school, college, etc. for study :

'What do you have next period?' 'French.'

a free / study period (= for private study)



the flow of blood each month from the body of a woman who is not pregnant :

period pains

monthly periods

When did you last have a period ?

—compare menstruation



( NAmE ) = full stop noun


[ C ] ( geology ) a length of time which is a division of an era . A period is divided into epochs .

■ adverb

( especially NAmE ) = full stop :

The answer is no, period!

■ adjective

[ only before noun ] having a style typical of a particular time in history :

period costumes / furniture



late Middle English (denoting the time during which something, especially a disease, runs its course): from Old French periode , via Latin from Greek periodos orbit, recurrence, course, from peri- around + hodos way, course. The sense portion of time dates from the early 17th cent.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.