Meaning of SCREW in English

SCREW

I. ˈskrü noun

Etymology: Middle English scrue, from Middle French escroe female screw, nut, from Medieval Latin scrofa, from Latin, sow

Date: 15th century

1.

a. : a simple machine of the inclined plane type consisting of a spirally grooved solid cylinder and a correspondingly grooved hollow cylinder into which it fits

b. : a nail-shaped or rod-shaped piece with a spiral groove and a slotted or recessed head designed to be inserted into material by rotating (as with a screwdriver) and used for fastening pieces of solid material together

2.

a. : a screwlike form : spiral

b. : a turn of a screw ; also : a twist like the turn of a screw

c. : a screwlike device (as a corkscrew)

3. : a worn-out horse

4. chiefly British : a small packet (as of tobacco)

5. : a prison guard

6. : a person who bargains shrewdly ; also : skinflint

7. : a propeller especially of a ship

8.

a. : thumbscrew 1

b. : pressure or punitive measures intended to coerce — used chiefly in the phrase put the screws on or put the screws to

9.

a. usually vulgar : an act of sexual intercourse

b. usually vulgar : a partner in sexual intercourse

• screw·like -ˌlīk adjective

- have a screw loose

II. verb

Date: 1605

transitive verb

1.

a.

(1) : to attach, fasten, or close by means of a screw

(2) : to unite or separate by means of a screw or a twisting motion

screw the two pieces together

(3) : to press tightly in a device (as a vise) operated by a screw

(4) : to operate, tighten, or adjust by means of a screw

(5) : to torture by means of a thumbscrew

b. : to cause to rotate spirally about an axis

2.

a.

(1) : to twist into strained configurations : contort

screw ed up his face

(2) : squint

(3) : crumple

b. : to furnish with a spiral groove or ridge : thread

3. : to increase the intensity, quantity, or capability of

trying to screw up courage to confess — Will Scott

4.

a.

(1) : to mistreat or exploit through extortion, trickery, or unfair actions ; especially : to deprive of or cheat out of something due or expected

screw ed out of a job

(2) : to treat so as to bring about injury or loss (as to a person's reputation)

use the available Federal machinery to screw our political enemies — J. W. Dean III

— often used as a generalized curse

screw you!

b. : to extract by pressure or threat

5. usually vulgar : to copulate with

intransitive verb

1. : to rotate like or as a screw

2. : to turn or move with a twisting or writhing motion

3. usually vulgar : copulate

• screw·er noun

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.