Meaning of SCREW in English

SCREW

n. & v.

--n.

1. a thin cylinder or cone with a spiral ridge or thread running round the outside (male screw) or the inside (female screw).

2 (in full wood-screw) a metal male screw with a slotted head and a sharp point for fastening things, esp. in carpentry, by being rotated to form a thread in wood etc.

3 (in full screw-bolt) a metal male screw with a blunt end on which a nut is threaded to bolt things together.

4 a wooden or metal straight screw used to exert pressure.

5 (in sing. or pl.) an instrument of torture acting in this way.

6 (in full screw-propeller) a form of propeller with twisted blades acting like a screw on the water or air.

7 one turn of a screw.

8 (foll. by of) Brit. a small twisted-up paper (of tobacco etc.).

9 Brit. (in billiards etc.) an oblique curling motion of the ball.

10 sl. a prison warder.

11 Brit. sl. an amount of salary or wages.

12 coarse sl. a an act of sexual intercourse. b a partner in this.

Usage:

Usually considered a taboo use.

13 sl. a mean or miserly person.

14 sl. a worn-out horse.

--v.

1. tr. fasten or tighten with a screw or screws.

2 tr. turn (a screw).

3 intr. twist or turn round like a screw.

4 intr. (of a ball etc.) swerve.

5 tr. a put psychological etc. pressure on to achieve an end. b oppress.

6 tr. (foll. by out of) extort (consent, money, etc.) from (a person).

7 tr. (also absol.) coarse sl. have sexual intercourse with.

Usage:

Usually considered a taboo use.

8 intr. (of a rolling ball, or of a person etc.) take a curling course; swerve.

9 intr. (often foll. by up) make tenser or more efficient.

Phrases and idioms:

have one's head screwed on the right way colloq. have common sense. have a screw loose colloq. be slightly crazy. put the screws on colloq. exert pressure, esp. to extort or intimidate. screw cap screw top. screw-coupling a female screw with threads at both ends for joining lengths of pipes or rods. screw eye a screw with a loop for passing cord etc. through instead of a slotted head. screw gear an endless screw with a cog-wheel or pinion. screw hook a hook to hang things on, with a screw point for fastening it. screw-jack a vehicle jack (see JACK(1)) worked by a screw device. screw pine any plant of the genus Pandanus, with its leaves arranged spirally and resembling those of a pineapple. screw-plate a steel plate with threaded holes for making male screws. screw-tap a tool for making female screws. screw top (also (with hyphen) attrib.) a cap or lid that can be screwed on to a bottle, jar, etc. screw up

1. contract or contort (one's face etc.).

2 contract and crush into a tight mass (a piece of paper etc.).

3 summon up (one's courage etc.).

4 sl. a bungle or mismanage. b spoil or ruin (an event, opportunity, etc.). screw-up n. sl. a bungle, muddle, or mess. screw valve a stopcock opened and shut by a screw.

Derivatives:

screwable adj. screwer n.

Etymology: ME f. OF escroue female screw, nut, f. L scrofa sow

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.