Meaning of SPECIAL in English

I. ˈspe-shəl adjective

Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French or Latin; Anglo-French especial, from Latin specialis individual, particular, from species species

Date: 13th century

1. : distinguished by some unusual quality ; especially : being in some way superior

our special blend

2. : held in particular esteem

a special friend


a. : readily distinguishable from others of the same category : unique

they set it apart as a special day of thanksgiving

b. : of, relating to, or constituting a species : specific

4. : being other than the usual : additional , extra

5. : designed for a particular purpose or occasion

• spe·cial·ness noun


special , especial , specific , particular , individual mean of or relating to one thing or class. special stresses having a quality, character, identity, or use of its own

special ingredients

especial may add implications of preeminence or preference

a matter of especial importance

specific implies a quality or character distinguishing a kind or a species

children with specific nutritional needs

particular stresses the distinctness of something as an individual

a ballet step of particular difficulty

individual implies unequivocal reference to one of a class or group

valued each individual opinion

II. noun

Date: 1866

1. : one that is used for a special service or occasion

caught the commuter special to work

2. : something (as a television program) that is not part of a regular series

3. : a featured dish at a restaurant

the special s of the day

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.