Meaning of COMPENSATION in English
/ ˌkɒmpenˈseɪʃn; NAmE ˌkɑːm-/ noun compensation (for sth)
[ U , C ] something, especially money, that sb gives you because they have hurt you, or damaged sth that you own; the act of giving this to sb :
to claim / award / receive compensation
to pay compensation for injuries at work
to receive £10 000 in compensation .
[ C , usually pl. ] things that make a bad situation better :
I wish I were young again, but getting older has its compensations.
late Middle English : via Old French from Latin compensatio(n-) , from the verb compensare weigh against, from com- together + pensare (frequentative of pendere weigh).
Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary. Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне. 2005