Meaning of DIFFERENTIAL in English

/ ˌdɪfəˈrenʃl; NAmE / noun , adjective

■ noun


differential (between A and B) a difference in the amount, value or size of sth, especially the difference in rates of pay for people doing different work in the same industry or profession :

wage / pay / income differentials


(also ˌdifferential ˈgear ) a gear that makes it possible for a vehicle's back wheels to turn at different speeds when going around corners

■ adjective

[ only before noun ] ( formal ) showing or depending on a difference; not equal :

the differential treatment of prisoners based on sex and social class

differential rates of pay



mid 17th cent.: from medieval Latin differentialis , from Latin differentia differencefrom different- carrying away, from the verb differre , from dis- from, away + ferre bring, carry.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.