Meaning of ABSTAIN in English

ABSTAIN

v.intr.

1. a (usu. foll. by from) restrain oneself; refrain from indulging in (abstained from cakes and sweets; abstained from mentioning it). b refrain from drinking alcohol.

2 formally decline to use one's vote.

Derivatives:

abstainer n.

Etymology: ME f. AF astener f. OF abstenir f. L abstinere abstent- (as AB-, tenere hold)

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.