Meaning of DATA in English (also treated as sing., as in that is all the data we have, although the singular form is strictly datum)

1. known facts or things used as a basis for inference or reckoning.

2 quantities or characters operated on by a computer etc.

Phrases and idioms:

data bank

1. a store or source of data.

2 DATABASE. data capture the action or process of entering data into a computer. data processing a series of operations on data, esp. by a computer, to retrieve or classify etc. information. data processor a machine, esp. a computer, that carries out data processing. data protection legal control over access to data stored in computers.

Etymology: pl. of DATUM

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.