Meaning of DRUM in English

DRUM

1. n. & v.

--n.

1. a a percussion instrument or toy made of a hollow cylinder or hemisphere covered at one or both ends with stretched skin or parchment and sounded by striking (bass drum; kettledrum). b (often in pl.) a drummer or a percussion section (the drums are playing too loud). c a sound made by or resembling that of a drum.

2 something resembling a drum in shape, esp.: a a cylindrical container or receptacle for oil, dried fruit, etc. b a cylinder or barrel in machinery on which something is wound etc. c Archit. the solid part of a Corinthian or composite capital. d Archit. a stone block forming a section of a shaft. e Austral. & NZ swag, a bundle.

3 Zool. & Anat. the membrane of the middle ear; the eardrum.

4 sl. a a house. b a nightclub. c a brothel.

5 (in full drum-fish) any marine fish of the family Sciaenidae, having a swim-bladder that produces a drumming sound.

6 hist. an evening or afternoon tea party.

7 Austral. sl. a piece of reliable information, esp. a racing tip.

--v. (drummed, drumming)

1. intr. & tr. play on a drum.

2 tr. & intr. beat, tap, or thump (knuckles, feet, etc.) continuously (on something) (drummed on the table; drummed his feet; drumming at the window).

3 intr. (of a bird or an insect) make a loud, hollow noise with quivering wings.

4 tr. Austral. sl. provide with reliable information.

Phrases and idioms:

drum brake a brake in which shoes on a vehicle press against the drum on a wheel. drum into drive (a lesson) into (a person) by persistence. drum machine an electronic device that imitates the sound of percussion instruments. drum major

1. the leader of a marching band.

2 archaic an NCO commanding the drummers of a regiment. drum majorette esp. US a member of a female baton-twirling parading group. drum out Mil. cashier (a soldier) by the beat of a drum; dismiss with ignominy. drum up summon, gather, or call up (needs to drum up more support).

Etymology: obs. drombslade, drombyllsclad, f. LG trommelslag drum-beat f. trommel drum + slag beat 2. n. (also drumlin) Geol. a long oval mound of boulder clay moulded by glacial action.

Derivatives:

drumlinoid n.

Etymology: Gael. & Ir. druim ridge: -lin perh. for -LING(1)

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.