Meaning of YARD in English

YARD

1. n.1 a unit of linear measure equal to 3 feet (0.9144 metre).

2 this length of material (a yard and a half of cloth).

3 a square or cubic yard esp. (in building) of sand etc.

4 a cylindrical spar tapering to each end slung across a mast for a sail to hang from.

5 (in pl.; foll. by of) colloq. a great length (yards of spare wallpaper).

Phrases and idioms:

by the yard at great length. yard-arm the outer extremity of a ship's yard. yard of ale Brit.

1. a deep slender beer glass, about a yard long and holding two to three pints.

2 the contents of this.

Etymology: OE gerd f. WG 2. n. & v.

--n.

1. a piece of enclosed ground esp. attached to a building or used for a particular purpose.

2 US the garden of a house.

--v.tr. put (cattle) into a stockyard.

Phrases and idioms:

the Yard Brit. colloq. SCOTLAND YARD. yard-man

1. a person working in a railway-yard or timber-yard.

2 US a gardener or a person who does various outdoor jobs. yard-master the manager of a railway-yard.

Etymology: OE geard enclosure, region, f. Gmc: cf. GARDEN

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.