Meaning of BASIS in English

BASIS

I. ˈbāsə̇s noun

( plural ba·ses -āˌsēz)

Etymology: Latin — more at base

1.

a. : the bottom of anything considered as a foundation for the parts above : base , foot

b. obsolete : the pedestal of a column, pillar, or statue

if no basis bear my rising name — Alexander Pope

c. : any of certain anatomical structures that function as bases: as

(1) : the membranous or calcareous base by which a barnacle is attached to the substrate

(2) : basipodite

(3) : the articulated proximal part of the capitulum of a tick — called also basis capituli

2. : the principal component of anything : fundamental ingredient : base

a combination of fruit or fruit juices and sugar is the fundamental basis of jelly

3. : something that supports or sustains anything immaterial : essence

his argument rested on a basis of conjecture

4.

a. : something on which anything is constructed or established

Indian trails … were the basis for many of their roads — American Guide Series: North Carolina

: the basic principle : groundwork

the frustrating task of putting international affairs on a permanent basis of law and order — A.E.Stevenson †1965

b. : footing 6

a club where everyone was on a first-name basis — J.P.Marquand

5.

a. : a rhythmic unit constituted by a given proportion of arsis to thesis without reference to the order or placement of long and short elements

trochaic and iambic feet represent the same basis

b. : a free first foot in some ancient verse that admits more variation from the norm of the line than appears in subsequent feet

6. : a glassy or felsitic noncrystalline granular material that is a last product of solidification of a volcanic rock and that forms a cement for earlier minerals

7.

a. : the price difference between a specified grade of a commodity and a designated futures delivery

b. : the actual yield on an investment in bonds

c. : the original cost of property used in computing capital gains or losses for income tax purposes

II. ˈbäˌsēz

plural of basi

III. noun

: a set of linearly independent vectors in a vector space such that any vector in the vector space can be expressed as a linear combination of them with appropriately chosen coefficients

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.