Meaning of BOOM in English


I. ˈbüm transitive verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Dutch bomen, from boom tree, pole, beam

1. : to extend, move, or manipulate with a boom — usually used with off or out

boom out a sail


a. : to confine (logs) by means of a boom

b. : to supply (a body of water) with a boom or booms

3. : to lift and position (a load attached to a derrick) by raising and swinging the boom

II. noun

( -s )

Usage: often attributive

Etymology: Dutch, tree, pole, beam, from Middle Dutch; akin to Old High German boum tree — more at beam

1. : a long spar projecting from a ship used variously to extend the foot of a sail or facilitate handling of cargo or mooring — see ship illustration

2. : any of various devices resembling a ship's boom in appearance or function used usually to maneuver a piece of equipment into a desired position: as

a. : a long beam projecting from the mast of a derrick to support or guide the body to be lifted or swung

b. : a long more or less horizontal supporting arm or brace (as for holding a microphone)

3. : a 2-masted sailing ship used for coastal trade and pearling in the eastern Mediterranean and Indian ocean


a. : a line of connected floating timbers across a river or enclosing an area of water to keep saw logs together ; also : the enclosed logs

b. : an obstruction formed of floating logs that retards the flow of a stream

c. : a similar construction arranged to guide floating logs in a certain direction

5. : a long wooden bar of more or less elliptical cross section supported horizontally and adjustable as to height and used as a support in executing gymnastic stunts and exercises

6. : a chain cable or line of spars extended across a river or the mouth of a harbor to defend it by obstructing navigation

7. : a spar or outrigger connecting the tail surfaces and the main supporting structure of an airplane — called also tail boom

III. verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: imitative

intransitive verb


a. : to make a deep hollow sound

the cannon boomed from the deck

surf booming on the distant shore

b. : to utter a deep resonant cry with a hollow note (as of a bird)

in some deep canyon a night owl started booming — F.B.Gipson

c. : to make a sonorous humming or croaking sound (as of an insect or animal)

two frogs boomed again, close at hand — William Beebe


a. : to move swiftly and with a booming sound (as of a ship under full sail)

b. of a person : to move about from place to place idly : bum , tramp


a. of a river : to rise suddenly (as during a spring freshet) ; specifically : to reach a height sufficient to float logs

b. of logs : to float down a river that is booming


a. : to have a sudden increase in popular esteem or importance often occasioned by a compelling exhortation or appeal

the movement to elect him president began to boom early in the convention

b. : to experience a sudden rapid growth and expansion usually including or implying an increase in market value

business was booming

stocks began to boom

c. : to develop rapidly in population and importance often as a result of location or connection with a feature that draws people to the region

California began to boom when gold was discovered there

transitive verb

1. : to sound forth or give out with a resonant or booming sound — often used with out

a 21-gun salute boomed out by the artillery


a. : to cause a rapid growth or increase of (as in price, sales, commercial development, influence, prestige)

skyrocketing rates and unregulated bookings are booming the market — Eliot Janeway

b. : to work for and encourage such growth or increase in

real estate operators hopefully tried to boom the area — American Guide Series: Connecticut

: push , boost

enthusiasts boomed the old soldier — E.T.Folliard

IV. noun

( -s )

1. : a booming sound: as

a. : a roar especially of waves

b. : the cry of a bird or animal that booms

the boom of a bittern

2. : a strong rapid expansion movement: as

a. : advocacy and progression into favor of a candidate for office

b. : rapid settlement and development of a town or district often through the efforts of promoters

the Klondike boom came with the gold rush

c. : an expansion of economic activity that is characterized by optimistic expectations, increased employment, rising prices and production, and credit expansion

in the midst of an $8,500,000 building boom — New York Times

d. : the period during which such expansion occurs

during the boom , tremendous tasks of production and administration are performed — Philip Klein

V. adjective

: participating in, arising from, or maintained by an economic boom

the boom days of lumbering

boom prices

VI. noun

Etymology: boom (II)

: a temporary floating barrier used to contain an oil spill

VII. noun

Etymology: boom (IV)

: an upsurge in activity, interest, or popularity

a folk music boom

VIII. adverb

Etymology: boom (IV)

: without delay or hesitation : suddenly

then boom , he was fired

— often used interjectionally to indicate suddenness

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.