Meaning of BUTTRESS in English


I. ˈbətrə̇s noun

( -es )

Etymology: Middle English butres, boterace, from Middle French bouterez, from Old French boterez, from boter, bouter to thrust — more at butt

1. : a projecting structure of masonry or wood for supporting or giving stability to a wall or building (as to resist lateral pressure or strain acting at a particular point in one direction) but sometimes serving chiefly for ornament

2. : any of various things that resemble a buttress in appearance:

a. : counterfort

b. : a projecting part of a mountain or hill

c. : a horny protuberance on a horse's hoof at the heel where the wall bends inward and forward

d. : the broadened basal portion of a tree trunk or a thickened vertical part of it

3. : something that supports, strengthens, or helps to defend

a buttress of the cause of peace

4. : an abutment built from a river bank to prevent logs in a drive from injuring the bank or jamming

II. transitive verb

( -ed/-ing/-es )

1. : to furnish or support with a buttress

buttressing the bridge piers

: shore up : prop , sustain

the present river system buttressed now with … good levees — A.W.Baum

2. : support , sustain , strengthen

arguments buttressed by solid facts

measures to buttress the national economy against the stresses of war

Synonyms: see support

III. adjective

of a saw blade : having widely separated teeth with one edge perpendicular and the other oblique to the direction of motion

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.