Meaning of CIRCULATE in English


ˈsərkyəˌlāt, ˈsə̄k-, ˈsəik-, usu -ād.+V verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Latin circulatus, past participle of circulari, circulare to go around in a circle, make round, from circulus circle — more at circle

intransitive verb

1. of a vital fluid : to flow or become propelled naturally (as of blood, lymph, or sap)

2. : to move in a circle, circuit, or orbit : move along a course having curves or bends ; especially : to move around and return to the same point

steam circulating through the pipes

the wine decanter circulated around the table

3. : to move, pass, or go around freely from person to person or from place to place:

a. : to move or flow without obstruction

air circulating through the boards being seasoned

b. : to spread widely : become widespread : become known or familiar to many

the news made its way up to Airlie and circulated through the village — William Black

the obscene tales that circulated so widely in the Italian Renaissance — R.A.Hall b. 1911

c. : to go from person to person or group to group greeting, chatting, and talking

our host and hostess circulated diligently from guest to guest — Nora Waln

no one can circulate among members of Congress without hearing frequent and sharp criticism — Harold Zink

d. : to come into the hands of readers ; often : to become sold or distributed

the satire, circulating in manuscript copies, had a great local vogue — E.V.Lucas

these magazines circulate mostly in rural areas

transitive verb

1. chemistry , obsolete : to subject to continuous redistillation in a closed vessel

2. : to cause to move in a circle or circuit : revolve , rotate

fans circulate the air through the pipes

3. : to cause to pass from person to person and usually to become widely known : disseminate

this evidence of weakening enemy morale was instantly circulated to our own people — D.D.Eisenhower

Synonyms: see spread

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.