Meaning of HURT in English

I. ˈhər]t, ˈhə̄], ˈhəi], usu ]d.+V verb

( hurt or dialect hurted ; hurt or dialect hurted ; hurting ; hurts )

Etymology: Middle English hurten, hirten to cause or allow to strike, injure, probably from Old French hurter to collide with, probably of Germanic origin; akin to Old Norse hrūtr ram (male sheep); akin to Old Norse hjörtr hart — more at hart

transitive verb


a. : to afflict with bodily pain : injure , wound

the hot sand hurts my feet

was badly hurt in the wreck

got hurt in a bombing raid

b. : to do physical or material harm to : damage , impair

the submarine is hurt by heavy depth charges

the walkout is not hurting service as much as the strikers hoped

c. : to do substantial or fundamental harm to : weaken

the story is hurt but not ruined by too many long descriptive passages


a. : to cause pain or anguish to : distress , offend

disillusions of the mind hurt less than disillusions of the heart — W.L.Sullivan

was hurt by their lack of confidence in him

it hurts me to think of all that land wasted — Ellen Glasgow

b. : to be detrimental to : check , hamper

the charges of graft will hurt his chances in the fall election

a good wife can't help a husband as much as a bad wife can hurt one — W.H.Whyte

intransitive verb


a. : to feel pain or frustration : ache , suffer

her hand … hurt from lugging the suitcase — John Dos Passos

knocked a young heifer in the head because he … figured she had hurt long enough — Caroline Miller

atomic-energy programs are hurting from lack of enough scientific help — Newsweek

b. chiefly Midland : to be in need : want

2. : to cause damage or distress : do harm

hit the aggressor … where it will hurt most — D.H.McLachlan

essential needs abroad must be met even if it hurts at home — J.S.Carson

the rain may hold off but it won't hurt to take your umbrella

Synonyms: see injure

II. noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English hurte, hurt, hirt, probably from Old French hurte shock of a collision, stroke, blow, from hurter to collide with

1. : a wounding blow or stroke : cause of injury or damage

the superiority … of the United States was a hurt to British prestige — Bernard Brodie

this tower of granite, weathering the hurts of so many ages — R.W.Emerson


a. : a bodily injury or wound

rattleweed, made into a tincture, is better than arnica for hurts of every sort — Emily Holt

b. : mental distress or anguish : resentment , suffering

are apt to be exasperated, and say things in immediate hurt which a little later they realize they do not wholly mean — A.E.Sutherland

her sympathy eased his hurt

3. : wrong , harm , disadvantage , detriment

his soul-stuff, by working on which a sorcerer may do the man himself grievous hurt — J.G.Frazer

subordinating cosmic to moral considerations, to the hurt of both — M.R.Cohen

Synonyms: see injury

III. adjective

Etymology: Middle English, from past participle of hurten, v.

1. : injured in body or spirit : wounded , resentful

ambulances … quickly dispose of hurt men and women — J.C.Powys

an air of hurt innocence

hoped to avoid hurt feelings over rejection of the plan

2. : physically impaired : damaged

hurt book sale

restore hurt land with woods, game cover, and water — Russell Lord

IV. noun

also heurt or heurte ˈhərt

( -s )

Etymology: Middle French heurte, probably from heurter to collide with, knock, from Old French hurter to collide with; perhaps from the idea that it represents the mark of a blow

heraldry : a roundel azure

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.