Meaning of LUSTER in English


I. lus·ter noun

or lus·tre ˈləstə(r)

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English lustre, from Latin lustrum — more at lustrum

: lustrum 2

II. luster noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle French lustre, from Old Italian lustro, from lustrare to brighten, from Latin; akin to Latin lucēre to shine — more at light


a. : a glow of reflected light : gloss , sheen

pearl with a beautiful luster

luster of an enameled surface

the highest … luster always points to the straight, smooth hairs which are especially apparent in goat hair, such as mohair — Werner Von Bergen

specifically : the appearance of the surface of a mineral as affected by or dependent upon peculiarities of its reflecting qualities

the luster of minerals can be divided into two types, metallic and nonmetallic — C.S.Hurlbut

the luster of micas is splendent, on cleavage faces sometimes pearly — L.V.Pirsson

b. : a coating or substance that gives luster to a surface

old glass sometimes acquires an iridescent luster due to weathering

lusters are overglaze colors of metallic oxides in an oily medium — D.W.Olson


a. : a glow of light from within : luminosity , shine

luster of the stars

Blue Grotto of the magical luster — Claudia Cassidy

b. : an inner beauty : radiance

one of those figures of spirit and light that leave an unforgettable luster in the mind — Gordon Webber


a. : brilliance , distinction , renown

many Metropolitan stars were on hand to add luster to the season — Ann M. Lingg

his luster , after all, derives not merely from the victories … but also from the nobility with which he invested the Arab world — H.M.Sachar

b. obsolete : a distinction that imparts luster

knighthood, which is … a luster to a family — Thomas Habington


a. : a glass pendant used especially to ornament a candlestick or chandelier

b. : a decorative object (as a chandelier) hung with glass pendants


a. chiefly Britain : a fabric with cotton warp and a filling of luster wool, mohair, or alpaca

b. : luster wool

6. : lusterware

III. luster verb

or lustre “

( lustered or lustred ; lustered or lustred ; lustering or lustring -t(ə)riŋ ; lusters or lustres )

intransitive verb

: to have luster : become lustrous : glint , gleam

their feathers lustered in the moonlight as they passed — Westminster Gazette

transitive verb

1. : to give luster or distinction to

names that have lustered American literature — W.R.Benét

2. : to coat or treat with a substance that imparts luster

lustered Majolica was first made by the Arabs and Saracens — Ernst Rosenthal

lustered cotton is … weaker than cotton mercerized without tension — G.S.Fraps

IV. lust·er ˈləstə(r) noun

( -s )

Etymology: lust (II) + -er

: one that lusts

V. luster noun

( -s )

Etymology: Latin lustrum cave, bog — more at pollute

obsolete : cave

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.