Meaning of BLOOM in English

BLOOM

bloom 1

— bloomless , adj.

/bloohm/ , n.

1. the flower of a plant.

2. flowers collectively: the bloom of the cherry tree.

3. state of having the buds opened: The gardens are all in bloom.

4. a flourishing, healthy condition; the time or period of greatest beauty, artistry, etc.: the bloom of youth; the bloom of Romanticism.

5. a glow or flush on the cheek indicative of youth and health: a serious illness that destroyed her bloom.

6. the glossy, healthy appearance of the coat of an animal.

7. a moist, lustrous appearance indicating freshness in fish.

8. redness or a fresh appearance on the surface of meat.

9. Bot. a whitish powdery deposit or coating, as on the surface of certain fruits and leaves: the bloom of the grape.

10. any similar surface coating or appearance: the bloom of newly minted coins.

11. any of certain minerals occurring as powdery coatings on rocks or other minerals.

12. Also called chill . a clouded or dull area on a varnished or lacquered surface.

13. the sudden development of conspicuous masses of organisms, as algae on the surface of a lake.

14. Television. image spread produced by excessive exposure of highlights in a television image.

15. take the bloom off , to remove the enjoyment or ultimate satisfaction from; dampen the enthusiasm over: The coach's illness took the bloom off the team's victory.

16. the bloom is off (the rose) , the excitement, enjoyment, interest, etc., has ended or been dampened.

v.i.

17. to produce or yield blossoms.

18. to flourish or thrive: a recurrent fad that blooms from time to time.

19. to be in or achieve a state of healthful beauty and vigor: a sickly child who suddenly bloomed; a small talent that somehow bloomed into major artistry.

20. to glow with warmth or with a warm color.

v.t.

21. to cause to yield blossoms.

22. to make bloom or cause to flourish: a happiness that blooms the cheek.

23. to invest with luster or beauty: an industry that blooms one's talents.

24. to cause a cloudy area on (something shiny); dampen; chill: Their breath bloomed the frosty pane.

25. Optics. to coat (a lens) with an antireflection material.

[ 1150-1200; (n.) ME blom, blome blom, blomi; c. Goth bloma lily, G Blume flower; akin to BLOW 3 ; (v.) ME blomen, deriv. of the n. ]

Syn. 1. blossom. 3. efflorescence. 4. freshness, glow, flush; vigor, prime. 16, 17 . effloresce.

bloom 2

/bloohm/ , Metalworking.

n.

1. a piece of steel, square or slightly oblong in section, reduced from an ingot to dimensions suitable for further rolling.

2. a large lump of iron and slag, of pasty consistency when hot, produced in a puddling furnace or bloomery and hammered into wrought iron.

v.t.

3. to make (an ingot) into a bloom.

[ bef. 1000; repr. AL, AF blomes (pl.), OE bloma mass of iron; perh. akin to BLOOM 1 ]

Random House Webster's Unabridged English dictionary.      Полный английский словарь Вебстер - Random House .