Meaning of COMMA in English

COMMA

/kom"euh/ , n.

1. the sign (,), a mark of punctuation used for indicating a division in a sentence, as in setting off a word, phrase, or clause, esp. when such a division is accompanied by a slight pause or is to be noted in order to give order to the sequential elements of the sentence. It is also used to separate items in a list, to mark off thousands in numerals, to separate types or levels of information in bibliographic and other data, and, in Europe, as a decimal point.

2. Class. Pros.

a. a fragment or smaller section of a colon.

b. the part of dactylic hexameter beginning or ending with the caesura.

c. the caesura itself.

3. Music. the minute, virtually unheard difference in pitch between two enharmonic tones, as G # and A b .

4. any of several nymphalid butterflies, as Polygonia comma, having a comma-shaped silver mark on the underside of each hind wing.

[ 1520-30; kómma piece cut off (referring to the phrase so marked), equiv. to kop- (base of kóptein to strike, chop) + -ma n. suffix denoting result of action (with assimilation of p ) \]

Random House Webster's Unabridged English dictionary.      Полный английский словарь Вебстер - Random House .