Meaning of PART in English

PART

INDEX:

1. a part of an object/substance/area

2. part of a total amount or number

3. part of a story/book/film/play etc

4. part of an organization

5. one of the parts of a process

6. part of a situation/subject/someone’s character

7. to be a part of something

RELATED WORDS

see also

↑ PIECE

↑ PARTLY

↑ CONSIST OF

◆◆◆

1. a part of an object/substance/area

▷ part /pɑːʳt/ [countable noun]

▪ When you have filled in the form, keep the top part and send the other part to the bank.

▪ All our replacement parts are guaranteed, if you have your car serviced with us each year.

part of

▪ What part of Russia are you from?

▪ This is the widest part of the river.

▪ Malaria is still common in many parts of Africa.

▷ bit /bɪt/ [countable noun] especially British, spoken

a small part of an object or area :

▪ ‘Would you like a slice of cake?’ ‘I’ll just have a little bit, please.’

bit of

▪ the bit of the garden where the fruit trees are

▪ I found some bits of glass in my sandwich.

▷ piece /piːs/ [countable noun]

one of several different parts that must be joined together to make something :

▪ a 1000-piece jigsaw puzzle

in pieces

as separate pieces

▪ The equipment had to be taken apart and transported in pieces.

▷ component /kəmˈpəʊnənt/ [countable noun]

one of the separate parts of a machine or a system, that is necessary to make the machine or system work :

▪ The factory makes aircraft engine components.

▪ All the components should be tested before they are assembled.

component of

▪ Gaining confidence is a major component of developing leadership skills.

▷ ingredient /ɪnˈgriːdiənt/ [countable noun]

one of the types of food that are used to make a dish or a meal :

▪ Weigh all the ingredients before you start.

▪ a list of ingredients

▪ The main ingredients can be prepared and frozen in advance.

ingredient for

▪ Coconut is a basic ingredient for many curries and other Asian dishes.

▷ constituent /kənˈstɪtʃuənt/ [countable noun] formal

one of the chemical substances that something is made of :

▪ Scientists have to break the compound down into its constituents in order to analyze it.

constituent of

▪ Magnesium and sodium are the main constituents of salt.

▷ portion /ˈpɔːʳʃ ə n/ [countable noun]

a part of something larger, especially a part that is different from the other parts - used especially in a technical context :

▪ Fuel is carried in the lower portion of the rocket.

portion of

▪ Surgeons have had to remove portions of his stomach and intestine.

▪ The research suggests we only use a small portion of our brains at any one time.

▷ section /ˈsekʃ ə n/ [countable noun]

a part of something that is clearly different and separate from the other parts :

section of

▪ The final section of this chapter will deal with recent developments.

▪ First class seats are in the front section of the plane.

▪ The disease spread through the poorer sections of the city.

▷ segment /ˈsegmənt/ [countable noun]

a part of something such as a fruit, insect etc that is naturally divided, or a part of something that has been divided into separate, roughly equal parts :

▪ Decorate the cake with orange segments.

▪ An ant’s body is divided into three distinct segments.

segment of

▪ Each sales team targets its efforts at a particular segment of the general population.

2. part of a total amount or number

▷ proportion /prəˈpɔːʳʃ ə n/ [countable noun]

a part of an amount or number - use this when you are comparing the part with the whole amount or number :

proportion of

▪ What proportion of your income do you spend on food?

high/large etc proportion

▪ The new jobs would largely be unskilled and a high proportion would be in inner city areas.

▪ A significant proportion of the elderly are dependent on the basic state pension.

small/tiny proportion

▪ We get a small proportion of our funding from the government.

▷ fraction /ˈfrækʃ ə n/ [countable noun]

a small part of an amount or number, especially a very small part :

fraction of

▪ Employees’ salaries are just a fraction of the total cost of the project.

▪ Faxes are expensive, when you consider you can send emails at a fraction of the cost for very much less money .

small/tiny fraction

▪ a problem that affects only a small fraction of the total population

▷ percentage /pəʳˈsentɪdʒ/ [countable noun]

a part of an amount or number that can be measured and shown exactly compared to the total :

percentage of

▪ What percentage of our students passed the exam?

▪ The percentage of pensioners living below the poverty line has increased by 15% in the last four years.

high/large percentage

▪ A high percentage of the coffee they produce goes to the US.

small percentage

▪ Only a small percentage of African American employees were considered for promotion.

3. part of a story/book/film/play etc

▷ part /pɑːʳt/ [countable noun]

▪ Jane Austen’s ‘Pride and Prejudice’, adapted for radio in six parts

part of

▪ I’ve finished the first part of my thesis.

part about

▪ Did you understand the part about switching the modem speed?

Part One/Part 2 etc

one of the main parts that a book, TV story etc is divided into

▪ Part One ends with the death of the hero’s father.

▷ bit /bɪt/ [countable noun] British spoken

a small part of a story or film :

▪ My favourite bit is when they try to escape.

bit of

▪ Some bits of the book are actually quite funny.

▷ episode /ˈepɪsəʊd, ˈepəsəʊd/ [countable noun]

a part of a story on radio or television that is told in separate parts, usually weekly :

▪ That was one of the best episodes - I wish I’d got it on tape.

▪ Brad Pitt made a guest appearance on last week’s episode.

▪ Ernie directed all 12 of the half-hour episodes for television.

episode of

▪ I’ve never even seen an episode of Star Trek.

▷ instalment British /installment American /ɪnˈstɔːlmənt/ [countable noun]

part of a story that is told in several parts printed regularly in a magazine or newspaper over a period of time :

▪ Oliver Stone was in Thailand shooting the final instalment in his Vietnam trilogy, Heaven And Earth.

weekly/monthly instalments

▪ Dickens wrote his novels in weekly instalments for a magazine.

instalment of

▪ We are proud to present the second instalment of our fantastic six-part competition to win a Renault Clio.

▷ chapter /ˈtʃæptəʳ/ [countable noun]

one of the parts that a book is divided into :

▪ These matters are dealt with in Chapters 8 & 9.

▪ ‘Have you finished ‘Lord of the Rings’ yet?’ ‘I’m on the last chapter.’

▷ scene /siːn/ [countable noun]

one of the smaller parts of a play or film in which the same characters appear or the events happen in the same place :

▪ The sex scenes between Depardieu and Brochet are sensitively filmed.

▪ The ghost appears in Act 2, Scene 1.

opening/closing scene

the first or the last scene

▪ The opening scene of the movie features the gangsters discussing their next heist.

▷ extract /ˈekstrækt/ [countable noun]

a part taken from something such as a book or a speech in order to show its most important points or to show what the whole of it is like :

▪ In the following extract, Jones presents the arguments in favour of nuclear power.

extract from

▪ The book contains previously unpublished material, including extracts from diaries, letters and taped interviews.

▷ excerpt /ˈeksɜːʳpt/ [countable noun]

a short part taken from a film, book, speech, piece of music etc :

excerpt from

▪ I’d like to read out a short excerpt from the poem.

▪ The following excerpt is from one of my students’ essays.

▪ He played some excerpts from Grieg’s piano concerto.

▷ clip /klɪp/ [countable noun]

a short part of a film or other recording that is taken and used in another film or in a television programme :

▪ The police have released a video clip of the attack.

▪ The new software makes it possible to cut and paste sound or video clips from one application to another.

clip from

▪ I saw a clip from the new Michael Douglas movie on TV last night.

4. part of an organization

▷ branch /brɑːntʃǁbræntʃ/ [countable noun]

a shop, office, or bank in a particular area that is part of a larger organization :

▪ Our store has branches all over the country.

▪ I’m sorry, we can’t change foreign currency. We’re only a small branch, you see.

branch of

▪ You can deposit money at any branch of the Northwest Pacific Bank.

▷ department /dɪˈpɑːʳtmənt/ [countable noun]

a department of a large organization, such as a company, school, or hospital, is a part of it that is responsible for a particular kind of work :

▪ Our department deals mainly with exports.

▪ Which department do you work in?

Sales/Accounts/Planning etc Department

in a company or large organization

▪ Melissa is in charge of the Marketing Department.

Art/History/Science etc Department

in a school or university

▪ She works in the Humanities department

the Department of Science/English/Trade etc

in a school or university, or other large organization, especially a government

▪ the Department of Trade and Industry

▪ the Department of Experimental Psychology

▷ division /dɪˈvɪʒ ə n, dəˈvɪʒ ə n/ [countable noun]

a large part of an organization, especially a company, which often includes several smaller parts :

▪ The sales and advertising departments are both part of the marketing division.

▪ I work in the administration division as a mail mover.

division of

▪ the Japanese division of American Express

▷ section /ˈsekʃ ə n/ [countable noun]

a part of an organization, especially a part of a company or a political group, that is responsible for a special area of its work :

▪ The party’s Young Conservatives section is growing fast.

▪ The tutor asked the brass section to play their piece again.

section of

▪ We had to go to the ‘late payments’ section of the Financial Aid office.

▷ sector /ˈsektəʳ/ [countable noun]

a part of an area of economic activity, such as industry or trade :

manufacturing/business/retail etc sector

▪ The growth in the number of home computers has boosted the electronics sector.

▪ The new sales tax caused problems for the retail sector the shops and stores that sell goods to the public .

public sector

organizations that the government owns

▪ The main source of work here is public sector employment.

private/independent sector

organizations that the government does not own

▪ Private sector pay increases were again above the rate of inflation.

▷ wing /wɪŋ/ [countable noun]

a part of a political party or a similar organization that has different ideas from the rest of the party, or is involved in different activities :

right/left wing

▪ The racist right wing staged their biggest demonstration yet in the main square.

political/military wing

▪ The Tamil Tigers have had a political wing since 1976, but never registered it as a legal party.

wing of

▪ They were members of the Marxist wing of the Socialist Party.

▷ the ... side /ðə ... saɪd/ [singular noun] informal

the financial/business/marketing etc side

a particular part of an organization’s activity :

▪ I’m in charge of production, and Martha takes care of the financial side.

5. one of the parts of a process

▷ part /pɑːʳt/ [countable noun]

▪ Organizing the party was easy, the hardest part was getting my parents to agree to it.

part of

▪ Which part of your job do you enjoy most?

▪ She spent the early part of her life in Barcelona.

▪ Part of the research program involved interviewing teenagers in inner-city areas.

▷ bit /bɪt/ [countable noun] British spoken

a part of an activity, plan, or job :

▪ Alan did the easy bit -- it was me who did all the hard work!

bit of

▪ I’ll probably do a bit of gardening this weekend.

▷ stage /steɪdʒ/ [countable noun]

one of several parts of a long process, which happen one after another :

▪ Dan has never gone through a rebellious stage.

stage of

▪ Many women feel depressed during the early stages of pregnancy.

stage in

▪ We saw a video showing the second stage in the development of a human embryo.

at this stage

now

▪ At this stage of the election campaign, it is impossible to say who will win.

reach/be at/get to the stage

to be at a particular part of a process

▪ We reached the stage where we’d given up any hopes of seeing our daughter alive.

▪ ‘How’s your dissertation coming on?’ ‘I’m at the writing-up stage.’

▷ step /step/ [countable noun]

one of the parts of a process that you have to do or deal with in order to go on to the next one :

▪ The next step will be to make the pasta sauce.

▪ The first step towards achieving peace in the region will be to elect a government that represents all the people.

one step at a time

used to say that you should deal with one part of a process thoroughly before worrying about the next one

▪ The doctors say I’ll make a full recovery, but I’m going to have to take it one step at a time.

▷ phase /feɪz/ [countable noun]

a separate part in the development or growth of something :

▪ I’d like to discuss the production phase at this morning’s meeting.

phase in

▪ There are three phases in the lifecycle of a butterfly.

initial/primary/first phase

the first part

▪ The initial phase of the project should take about three months.

final/last phase

the last part

▪ As the war enters its final phase, the UN will probably consider lifting sanctions.

6. part of a situation/subject/someone’s character

▷ aspect /ˈæspekt/ [countable noun]

one of the many parts of a situation or subject, which can each be considered separately :

▪ The inspectors will examine health and safety aspects at the plant.

aspect of

▪ Chris is dealing with the commercial aspects of this ambitious project.

▪ The country was on the brink of war, and fear and uncertainty permeated every aspect of daily life.

▷ side /saɪd/ [countable noun]

one part of a situation or someone’s character - use this especially when you are comparing one part with another :

▪ Weiskopf was a talented and successful man, but he did have a cruel side.

side of

▪ I’d like to move away from the theory now, to concentrate on the practical side of engineering.

the negative/positive/lighter/funny side

▪ You are enthusiastic, but on the negative side, you can be impatient and critical.

▪ Try to see the funny side of the situation.

▪ the lighter side of the conference, as seen by our political cartoonist

▷ dimension /daɪˈmenʃ ə n, də̇-/ [countable noun]

a part of a situation that makes you look at the situation in a particular way :

▪ The arrival of the South African team has brought a new dimension to the competition.

dimension of

▪ The political dimensions of the incident are clear.

▪ a revival of interest in the spiritual and moral dimensions of life

the human dimension

making you think of people’s feelings, rather than things

▪ The new art gallery is impressive, but I felt the human dimension had been lost.

▷ factor /ˈfæktəʳ/ [countable noun]

one of the parts or features of a situation, each of which has a different effect or importance :

▪ There are one or two factors we haven’t considered yet.

▪ The issue of abortion rights is obviously not the only factor affecting the female vote.

▪ Traders said several factors contributed to Nasdaq’s weakness.

factor in

▪ The most important factor in professional sport is psychology.

▪ His formal education was a less significant factor in his upbringing than practical experience.

▷ element /ˈelɪmənt, ˈeləmənt/ [countable noun]

one of the separate parts of something such as a person’s character, a system or process, or a piece of writing :

▪ The planning proposals have three main elements.

element of

▪ There’s always been an element of competition between me and my brother.

element in

▪ Instead of a single plot, there are several elements in the story.

▪ We’ve reached the stage where public image is the most important element in the Presidency.

key element

most important element

▪ I see helping the community as one of the key elements of my work.

▷ feature /ˈfiːtʃəʳ/ [countable noun]

a part of something that is different in some way from the rest of it :

▪ Are there any special features about the way Ireland trains its teachers?

feature of

▪ Federalism remains a very important feature of American politics.

▪ One of the features of auto-immune diseases is that they are often genetically similar.

7. to be a part of something

▷ be part of /biː ˈpɑːʳt ɒv/ [verb phrase]

▪ Falling over is part of the process of learning to ski.

▪ It is part of the doctor’s job to give advice on emotional problems.

▪ Restrictions on foreign trade are part of the state’s economic and legal system.

▷ form (a) part of /ˌfɔːʳm (ə) ˈpɑːʳt ɒv/ [verb phrase]

to be one of the things that together make up something larger or more important :

▪ Group discussion forms a major part of classwork.

▪ The company forms part of the United Holdings group.

▪ These three books form part of a series on religion in the modern world.

▷ inherent /ɪnˈhɪ ə rənt, -ˈher-/ [adjective]

an inherent fact, problem, quality etc is one that is a natural part of an activity or situation and cannot be separated from it :

▪ Money is unfortunately an inherent part of politics.

inherent in

▪ Surgical procedures have many risks inherent in them.

▪ the uncertainties that are inherent in the research and development process

inherently [adverb]

▪ Is mankind an inherently violent species?

Longman Activator English vocab.      Английский словарь Longman активатор .