Meaning of PART in English

PART

I. ˈpärt noun

Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French & Old English, both from Latin part-, pars; perhaps akin to Latin parare to prepare — more at pare

Date: before 12th century

1.

a.

(1) : one of the often indefinite or unequal subdivisions into which something is or is regarded as divided and which together constitute the whole

(2) : an essential portion or integral element

b. : one of several or many equal units of which something is composed or into which it is divisible : an amount equal to another amount

mix one part of the powder with three part s of water

c.

(1) : an exact divisor of a quantity : aliquot

(2) : partial fraction

d. : one of the constituent elements of a plant or animal body: as

(1) : organ , member

(2) plural : private parts

e. : a division of a literary work

f.

(1) : a vocal or instrumental line or melody in concerted music or in harmony

(2) : a particular voice or instrument in concerted music ; also : the score for it

g. : a constituent member of a machine or other apparatus ; also : a spare part

2. : something falling to one in a division or apportionment : share

wanted no part of the proposal

3. : one's share or allotted task (as in an action) : duty

one must do one's part

4. : one of the opposing sides in a conflict or dispute

5. : a general area of indefinite boundaries — usually used in plural

you're not from around these part s

took off for part s unknown

6. : a function or course of action performed

7.

a. : an actor's lines in a play

b. : the role of a character in a play

8. : a constituent of character or capacity : talent

a man of many part s

9. : the line where the hair is parted

- for one's part

- for the most part

- in part

- on one's part

Synonyms:

part , portion , piece , member , division , section , segment , fragment mean something less than the whole. part is a general term appropriate when indefiniteness is required

they ran only part of the way

portion implies an assigned or allotted part

cut the pie into six portions

piece applies to a separate or detached part of a whole

a puzzle with 500 pieces

member suggests one of the functional units composing a body

a structural member

division applies to a large or diversified part

the manufacturing division of the company

section applies to a relatively small or uniform part

the entertainment section of the newspaper

segment applies to a part separated or marked out by or as if by natural lines of cleavage

the retired segment of the population

fragment applies to a part produced by or as if by breaking off

only a fragment of the play still exists

II. verb

Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French partir, from Latin partire to divide, from part-, pars

Date: 13th century

intransitive verb

1.

a. : to separate from or take leave of someone

b. : to take leave of one another

2. : to become separated into parts

3.

a. : to go away : depart

b. : die

4. : to become separated, detached, or broken

5. : to relinquish possession or control

hated to part with that money

transitive verb

1.

a. : to divide into parts

b. : to separate by combing on each side of a line

c. : to break or suffer the breaking of (as a rope or anchor chain)

2. : to divide into shares and distribute : apportion

3.

a. : to remove from contact or association

if aught but death part thee and me — Ruth 1:17(Authorized Version)

b. : to keep separate

the narrow channel that part s England from France

c. : to hold (as brawlers) apart

d. : to separate by a process of extraction, elimination, or secretion

4.

a. archaic : leave , quit

b. dialect British : relinquish , give up

- part company

III. adverb

Date: 1513

: partly

IV. adjective

Date: 1818

: partial 1

V. abbreviation

1. participial; participle

2. particular

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.