Meaning of DESIGN in English

DESIGN

I. noun

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a cover design

the cover design of the Christmas issue

a design feature (= a detail of the way something has been designed )

The building incorporates many interesting design features.

a language/art/design etc course

The school runs ten-week language courses three times a year.

a move is aimed at doing sth/is designed to do sth

The move is aimed at strengthening its business in the region.

all-time/modern/design etc classic

The play has become an American classic.

classic designs

The Coca-Cola bottle is one of the classic designs of the last century.

computer-aided design

design a website (= make and structure a website so that it works well )

Students learn how to design their own websites.

design flaw (= a mistake or weakness in the way something was made )

A design flaw caused the engine to explode.

fashion design

He went to St Martin’s School of Art to study fashion design.

graphic design

intelligent design

plan/develop/design a curriculum

Fifty academics have been involved in developing the new school curriculum.

specially designed/built/made etc

The boats are specially built for the disabled.

textile industry/design/manufacture etc

textile design and technology

a textile mill

the finance/marketing/design etc department (= in a company )

He worked in the sales department of a small software company.

write/design/develop software

He designs software for an Atlanta-based company.

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADJECTIVE

basic

Most basic designs have two rows which are the same, followed by another pair of rows.

The basic design of the nodes is borrowed from commercial file servers.

My friend Eric Barnes built the punt we use and the basic design is hard to beat.

You start by choosing a basic design among several options.

The range of designs which can be knitted from basic designs using this method is amazing.

The interior, although fairly basic in its design , is roomy and much better screwed together than a few years ago.

In the April issue, I explored the use of basic slip stitch designs for knitting fabrics.

This need not apply to basic research and design .

different

You can use the many different shapes and designs shown in this book for miniature work, as well as larger pictures.

Three days later, a second nuclear weapon, of different design , was dropped on Nagasaki.

The teacher in Example 3 provided a box of dolls' clothes of different sizes and designs .

You can choose from several different railing designs .

The aims were similar to Andreasen's, but the investigators used a different research design .

Some completed forms, of a slightly different design , are shown in Chapter 14.

Second, for those studies that compare few countries, is the most different systems design or most similar systems design used?

Knossos had seven or eight entrances, all different in design , all more or less inconspicuous.

grand

We had this debate all the time amongst us - who was the actual person behind the grand design ?

Such grand designs are usually ignored.

It rejects pragmatic gradualism in favour of grand design: its ideas are described as a Vision of 2005.

But grand designs did not necessarily produce great architecture.

Indeed some of the grandest designs were based on the weakest economic need.

The pace and enthusiasm flagged considerably when attention had to switch from abstract or grand designs to the nitty-gritty of practical details.

For the direct benefit of pupils it will be individual partners who will matter more than a grand design of co-operation.

At best, they put in a decent effort in executing the entrepreneurial hero's grand design .

graphic

Professional advice on graphic design is valuable.

A Bay Area native, he started out in graphic design , but soon branched out.

Create impressive graphic designs on your walls; all it takes is courage and a little sleight of hand.

Thirdly, the new style guides have clearly been influenced by some interesting graphic design work.

Richie, the youngest at 15, was in the throes of GCSEs and hopeful of a career in graphic design .

On the opposite wall, a print was mounted; an austere graphic design , white and grey to match.

interior

She read interior design magazines, browsed for hours in department stores comparing the textures and colours of fabrics.

Large international collection of lamps, prints and objects. Interior design service available.

Her background is interior design , and she works as a designer at a furniture store.

Full interior design service or design advice by the hour.

Each phase is the outcome of the one before, whilst bearing the chronic imprint of an interior design .

Great Brampton House Antiques Interior design , furniture and furnishing for the period and traditional home.

It was a smartly restored pub which lovingly recreated the interior design of its psychopathic creator a hundred years ago.

new

At intervals, initially of roughly six or seven years, but more frequently after 1035, a new design was issued.

So, although new designs and reorganizations play a role, they are never enough to shape a complete vision of how.

Matrix has 8 new designs out of 10.

It was then that he noticed the new paint design resembled the bat symbol.

Bright images have become an accepted advantage of the existing system and the new design increases the brightness even further.

The effects of e-commerce are already appearing in all areas of business, from customer service to new product design .

However, his new design was arranged so that it could be retained.

In order to see the nifty new designs , users downloaded copies of Netscape Navigator by the millions.

original

But in a few places conditions remain unaltered and they suit the original design to perfection.

Plans to rebuild the original double-entrance design flanking a central ticket kiosk are also in the works.

The original design of six arches was rejected because of spate flow volumes in the river.

The original design of the work-shops dated back to the mid-1980s.

The house was seriously damaged by fire in 1879 but rebuilt largely to the original design .

Rarely is such good humor combined with such original design in audio.

Some of the most original and beautiful designs he had seen in thirty years.

For that would show some imperfection in the original design .

■ NOUN

process

The design team made more than eighty-five films, each in some way conceived as an extension of the design process .

No one considered until the design process was complete whether, or how, we could produce what we had designed.

The quality message of the editorial contents was continued through all areas of the design process .

The design process in many cases begins on a computer, which is used to plot out a three-dimensional design.

Another aspect which should be considered is the input of clients' in-house departments in the design process .

It is all part of the design process .

The twin pressures of diversity and uniformity are tangible phenomena in the design process .

The design process has been unnecessarily slow on many projects because the exchange of information between designers has been ineffective.

team

It also seems likely that he-and the design team-were tempted by the clothes of the later period.

A design team rejected the aerospike concept as too risky.

The complete design team photographed before modification to give greater dihedral on the outriggers.

The design team creates beaded extravaganzas that are truly chic.

Each specialist design teams must work within the budgets which have been set.

The Renault design team clearly succeeded in their intention to offer big car comfort in a competitively compact package.

The design team has even included detailed information on conservation, opportunities for volunteers, and community and outreach initiatives.

■ VERB

based

Those who built in the Viennese tradition based their designs on that of Stein.

It was on this work that Josiah Wedgwood based his neoclassical pottery designs .

Cracow Cathedral was based on a similar design but, being later, is of more advanced Gothic form.

The Floral Book collection features delicate patterns based on romantic designs in old-fashioned tones of primrose, lavender and rose.

Had he, I wondered, based his design for the Chalice Well cover on an earlier cover?

Much of the current fleet is based on designs dating from the 1950s, which are still in production.

My London-\#based graphic design career was firmly on hold.

build

Safety has been built into the design in the form of a clever three-way switching system.

Another built his design around a coffin that carries the dates his brother was born and died.

This part of the embankment was the first to be built to the designs of B. Grueber between 1841 and 1845.

Half a dozen companies have built the design since production began in 1940; earlier examples were rag-winged, later ones metal.

There can therefore be built into the design of this channel features that could not be built into a permanent method.

So, start with a stem and gradually build up your design from that.

create

Since the stonemasons were usually allowed to create their own designs , they were also given the freedom to crack good jokes.

Neuroscience Network Projects: Scientists are increasingly turning to chemistry and biology to create new designs for neural network computer systems.

Look out for simple badge-making kits for around £3 in most good toy shops and create your own designs .

Or to create a rational design that goes against vested interests will likely not be implemented.

Matthew and Marjorie have already worked together to create the initial design .

What a sense of destiny he had, locked in the miniature room, creating a design , a network of connections.

In addition to this, there is no reason why owners of the Duomatic can not use Creation 6 to create their own designs .

You can buy plain canvas to create your own design and there's a choice of wool or mixed fibres.

include

Physical match includes the design of the whole work place and working environment.

The $ 550 million Zeckendorf mentioned was the cost of the entire project, including design , construction, and financial fees.

It is to include design studios, exhibition facilities, a development and testing laboratory and administrative offices.

Those recommendations follow those issued in December, including design changes to insulate the tanks from heat sources.

Other features include the attachment design for the Yeti Attak Gaiter and Cambrelle inner lining.

Those programs included the design and procurement of nationwide communications systems.

Features include telescopic design to adjust height and ergonomic handle.

Often, those initiatives must include new organization designs .

produce

In addition, it offers a number of style options, as well as being happy to produce special designs .

Morris produced more than sixty designs for fabric and wallpaper, which influenced scores of other designers.

Most of us produce a single design each year which we send both to calligraphers and non-calligraphers alike.

Was the smith free to produce his own designs ?

An ex-scientific illustration student from the Blackpool College will help to produce the illustrations and design for the pack in September 1991.

This type of software is widely used in industry, architecture, etc to produce design drawings.

Fine sweaters are produced in imaginative designs by local women.

To produce your average design miracle in fact.

use

Remember to always use simplicity in design and plant boldly in groups of two or three for a strong impact.

There also is concern that the same computer system that would help predict reliability through simulation could be used for design improvements.

One study did not use a double-blind design and was therefore excluded from the analysis.

They were pleased with his efforts and used his designs .

Fig. 2 shows very simple woven stripes using design 1.

Nonexperimental Designs Sometimes it is impossible to use even a quasi-experimental design .

My friend Eric Barnes built the punt we use and the basic design is hard to beat.

They unintentionally use design to defer the period of change instead of catalyzing it.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

custom-made/custom-built/custom-designed etc

ethnic cooking/fashion/design etc

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

brightly coloured curtains with an attractive floral design

Conran's furniture was based on simple, modern designs.

Dorn has done a great deal of design work on the new city hall.

graphic design

the design of consumer products

The arched ceiling is bordered with a hand-painted, floral design .

The basic design of the vehicle has been improved.

The new hockey rink is similar in design to the one in San Jose.

The success of the product was largely due to good design .

This design is very common on Turkish carpets.

Tom has several tattoos, and they're all Native American designs.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

A range of books has been launched which reflects his design philosophy and style.

Designers' Saturday has traditionally been used as a launching pad for designs and this year is no exception.

Organization designs should concentrate on work.

Such similarities are more likely to reflect prevailing ideas of design - the sentiments of the client perhaps.

With soft leather upholstery and the careful design that typifies Toyotas, the interior is a comfortable place to be.

II. verb

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADVERB

originally

Built around the turn of the century, it had been designed originally as a soldiers' barracks.

Conventional wisdom did not favor retrofitting to coal use boilers originally designed for oil or natural gas.

The cell was originally designed to held around twenty inmates.

Furthermore it can permit coal use in boilers originally designed to burn oil without substantial derating.

Most health information systems were originally designed to support decision-making at national level.

specially

The Boots range also includes specially designed briefs, some of which are ideal for use with Staydry pads.

Receptors come in dozens of varieties, each specially designed to accommodate one of the dozens of neurotransmitters used by the brain.

The storage buildings are specially designed and are equipped with sophisticated temperature and humidity controls to keep the potatoes in perfect condition.

There are also chapters on promotional picks, and plectrums customized and specially designed for thumb and finger.

Beneath them the underside of the command module comprised a specially designed shield that protected them from the heat of re-entry.

There were also observers in the air, in helicopters or specially designed aircraft.

specifically

Where discovery methods were applied in schools which had been designed specifically for child-centred learning, the change was even more apparent.

If we are exposed to a measles virus, the immune system will develop antibodies specifically designed to attack measles viruses.

Some news clients are designed specifically to search for images in newsgroups and download them-AutoPix, for example.

It is specifically designed to monitor employee use of the Internet.

The course is specifically designed to hone their skills to a professional level.

The review would provide the understanding required to determine the features needed in an architectural model designed specifically for electronic commerce.

This reverberation unit is based on a c.c.d. delay line that has been designed specifically for operation in reverberation circuits.

One of the most interesting applications designed specifically for the PowerBook involved... reading.

■ NOUN

architect

In order to create as varied development as possible, each of the five building phases will be designed by a different architect .

Palaces are designed by architects to be looked at rather than lived in.

building

To make Scott design a building in the classical style was the worst possible course.

People design buildings , bridges, and furniture.

He was greatly cheered to find so many young architects designing the new classical buildings of which he so much approved.

Now the goal is to design buildings that also remain functional after a quake.

The practising architect may design better buildings after working with the old ones.

Architecture An architect is some one who is trained to design buildings .

The same could be true of software used to design buildings and vehicles.

computer

This waybill is designed for computer use.

He approached it as if he were designing a new computer .

Teams are in hot competition to design computers that not only assist the study of nature, but are natural themselves.

In contrast, the Mac team was off in the ozone, designing a computer that fit their own woolly sensibilities.

course

Hoylake and District Council for Voluntary Service has designed summer activity courses for children and teenagers aged from five to 18.

Students in these programs have fewer required courses and receive more career guidance to help them design a course sequence.

When Bobby Jones and Alistair Mackenzie designed the course , they could have scarcely envisaged what a shrine it would eventually become.

In fact, the group was heavily involved in designing the course and raising funds for it.

In designing a course of study where a choice has to be made between two items, how available are they?

More amenable land had become available and J.H. Taylor was commissioned to design the course still largely extant.

Information about modules might be used at another time when designing another course .

house

It is very hard to design a house if you don't know the shape of the bricks.

See how an economy designed around building more houses for new people benefits existing residents?

It's not the sort of creativity involved in painting a picture or designing a house .

What he did know was how to design houses that look and feel as if they belong right where they are.

The canceled habitation module was designed to house four astronauts.

Before investigating the design of the autonomous house it is worth asking why the authors elected to design a house.

The houses give teachers a natural avenue for working together to design lessons.

performance

The highest quality food results can be achieved and the oven has been designed to give optimum performance in this function.

The index is designed to measure the performance of the local economy.

It is usually sought in addition to an order of certiorari and is designed to ensure the performance of a public duty.

Dorothy set such a goal at a workshop designed to introduce both performance and change.

This style of lens is designed to give optimum performance at the widest aperture.

The Ventrola tennis shoe is designed for comfort and performance .

plan

Planners design the optimum plans for optimum conditions.

But the Senate bill designed to implement the plan contains some consumer-friendly changes that could kill it instead.

Many wards have specially designed teaching plans or objectives for students or your tutor may suggest objectives.

Children who think mathematically design boats and plan holidays differently, they shop for birthday presents and cook cakes differently.

Mr Brown's statement on Wednesday was designed to counteract Tory plans to reduce income tax.

The mayor's speech at the restored historic Lincoln Theater was designed to highlight his plans to revitalize neighborhoods.

A plan may be designed as a five-year plan and may need changing after one year.

To make the city safe and invulnerable to attack, his architects designed a circular plan .

product

Salespeople must also have a complete understanding of the enterprise's capacity to design and deliver specialized products .

Now, as they design new technology products , Hewlett-Packard engineers can morph within minutes into five or six nimble teams.

It begins by being designed into the product itself.

Another unsettling trend in this area is the erosion in our ability to design and manufacture products .

In network economics the major expense of new product development stems from designing the manufacturing process and not designing the product.

First, they were able to design products much closer to what the customer wanted.

program

Each program is designed so that most students complete it in 45 to 50 mins, ie. the average tutorial hour.

The program was designed to be self-supporting through premiums.

Unlike Dole, Clinton would preserve the thrust of programs designed to assure that women and minorities are not left out.

Example: Our food stamp program is designed to improve the diets of low-income families.

An unscrupulous programmer could write an ActiveX program designed to erase a hard drive or deposit a virus.

Q: Congress recently passed a federal health-care program designed to cover poor children without health insurance.

Q: What exercise program did you design for yourself?

Your education programs should be designed to accommodate different needs within your workforce.

scheme

They design wonderful housing schemes for us to live in.

Foreign governments and industries are highly unlikely to be involved in designing and implementing such schemes .

student

The programs are designed to enable students to work in their own time and at their own pace.

Each program is designed so that most students complete it in 45 to 50 mins, ie. the average tutorial hour.

The premises have been designed with the disabled student in mind.

College was never designed exclusively for younger students - though they generally constitute the largest single group.

The system is designed to see that student decision-making is well informed.

study

Approximately 70 percent of the course is devoted to design and technology studies and 30 percent to related studies.

Shaw said he hopes to design a study next year to test the effects of music on infants' brains.

The study is designed to be pilot study of this important issue.

William Evans designed pharmacological studies and was a principal investigator on the primary leukaemia protocol.

In designing a course of study where a choice has to be made between two items, how available are they?

The Bellcrest File is designed for independent study .

system

It is all made possible by smart phones, the next generation mobile phones equipped with a Psion-designed operating system .

As we shall see, the lesson they teach is that we are designed for a system of monogamy plagued by adultery.

It should be remembered in designing a control system that the earthworm transport hosts present a continuous reservoir of infection.

This school argues that employees should be included in designing the work system that affects them.

And anyway they could probably design a system based on the photo-electric cell.

In fact, the information-processing mechanisms are designed for implementing the systems of differential equations associated with neural networks.

However, recruitment systems are more difficult to design than personnel record systems, and there are complex design considerations.

Related Occupations Accountants and auditors design internal control systems and analyze financial data.

use

Conclusions: The radiometer was designed for use on clear sunny days out of doors.

This began the race to find the perfect pump designed for heavy-duty use in rural communities of developing countries.

They were designed for ritual use and some of them were coated in gold leaf.

It is specifically designed to monitor employee use of the Internet.

It is designed for use only in Force 3+ and usually has a small daggerboard.

It must be designed for use by everyone and be available at a low enough price for rural villagers.

Another range of measures based upon circulation data are designed to predict future use from past use.

Some Internetfiltering software is designed for use with the major on-line services.

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

Airbags are currently designed to protect average-sized adult males.

Sally designs and makes all her own clothes.

The car was designed and built in Korea.

The office complex was designed by Mitchell Benjamin.

The offices weren't very well designed - the rooms are too small and it's much too hot in summer.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

Combined with virtual reality capabilities, the team can design its own ideal collaborative work space without the constraints of physical reality.

Hong Kong architects designed the restaurants.

Leyland designed the microcomputer which controls the ratios.

Now, as they design new technology products, Hewlett-Packard engineers can morph within minutes into five or six nimble teams.

The Ego was designed as a mere postal service which delivers messages to our conscious mind.

The plates are designed to foil police speed traps.

The sparkling white pullover and newly pressed black corduroys were designed to project an image of calm sophistication.

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.