Meaning of STATE in English

STATE

I. noun

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a member state/country/nation (= a country that belongs to an international organization )

the member states of the European Union

a report says/states (that)

The report said that it would cost another £250 million to repair the damage.

a state constitution

There was an amendment to Arizona’s state constitution.

a state of chaos

Nick's bedroom is permanently in a state of chaos.

a state of confusion

People were in a state of confusion and close to panic.

a state of excitement

It seemed that the whole country was in a state of excitement.

a state of panic

She was in a constant state of panic that he would carry out his threat.

a state of tension

Marjorie lived in a constant state of tension waiting for his phone calls.

a state pension British English , a public pension American English (= one that the government pays )

They argued that the state pension should rise in line with average earnings.

a state school British English , a public school American English (= a school that gets its money from the government )

Universities want to encourage more applicants from state schools.

a stated objective (= what someone says their objective is )

The city’s stated objective was to improve housing in the area.

a state/official secret (= a government secret )

He was accused of passing on state secrets to a foreign power.

a state/state-owned enterprise ( also a public enterprise British English ) (= one owned by the government )

New Zealand Rail is a state-owned enterprise.

a totalitarian state/regime

affairs of state (= the business of the government )

The church played no role in the affairs of state.

an autonomous region/state/republic etc

Galicia is an autonomous region of Spain.

an official/state visit

The president made an official visit to France this week.

be in a state of nerves (= to be in a nervous condition )

She was in such a state of nerves that she jumped at every noise.

be in a state of shock ( also be in deep shock ) (= be very shocked and upset )

Eva left the room in a state of shock.

client state

county/state line American English

He was born in a small town just across the state line.

declaring...state of emergency

After declaring a state of emergency , the government arrested all opposition leaders.

emotional state

the physical and emotional state of the patient

fragile state

Relations between the two countries are in a fragile state .

government/public/state policy

Government spending is determined by government policy.

head of state

in a constant state of anarchy

The classroom was in a constant state of anarchy .

in a state of disrepair

The castle is in a state of disrepair .

in a state of flux

The education system is still in a state of flux .

in a state of grace (= when God has forgiven you for the wrong things you have done )

He died in a state of grace .

in a state of undress

Cindy was wandering about her room in a state of undress .

in no fit state

I was still very shocked and in no fit state to work.

industrial countries/nations/states

a meeting of the world’s major industrial nations

lamentable state of affairs

a lamentable state of affairs

liberal state/society/democracy etc

local/state/city government

The interference in local government by central government is not just financial, but political.

minister of state

nation state

European union is seen as a threat to the sovereignty of the nation state.

national/state boundaries (= boundaries between countries or states )

Big companies usually aim to expand outside national boundaries.

national/state lottery

national/state security (= security of a country )

Did the article contain any information that is damaging to national security?

national/state/county park

the Lake District National Park

non-member state/country

imports from non-member countries

parlous state

The country’s police force was in a parlous state in 1990.

persistent vegetative state

police state

psychological state

What was the patient’s psychological state ?

public/government/state expenditure (= money a government spends on the services it provides for people )

The Conservatives want to maintain a firm control on public expenditure.

public/government/state spending

The government is determined to keep public spending under control.

They called for increased government spending on education.

public/private/state ownership

The company was returned to private ownership in mid-1987.

puppet government/regime/state (= a government etc controlled by a more powerful country or organization )

ruinous state/condition

the ruinous state of the city walls

sb's state of health

Your choice of exercise must depend on your general state of health.

sb’s declared/stated aim (= an aim that sb has stated clearly )

The Department’s declared aim is targeting benefits where they are most needed.

Secretary of State

the Secretary of State for Transport

shocking state

The path was in a shocking state .

sorry state of affairs

It’s a sorry state of affairs when an old lady has to wait 12 hours to see a doctor.

sorry state

the sorry state of the environment

state attorney

state benefit

state categorically

Can you state categorically that her death was caused by lack of food?

state court

State Department

state education British English , public education American English (= provided by the government of a country )

The state of California guarantees free public education to all children.

state law (= the law in a US state )

Under state law it was illegal for any public official to receive gifts worth more than $100.

state line

We crossed the state line into Missouri.

state monopoly

the state monopoly of television

state of emergency

After declaring a state of emergency , the government arrested all opposition leaders.

state of preservation

The arena is in an exceptionally fine state of preservation .

state park

state radio (= controlled by the government of a country )

In a message read on state radio and television, the president called for calm.

state school

State Second Pension, the

state the facts (= say what you know is true )

Press reports often fail to state the facts completely.

state trooper

state university

State's evidence

state/county fair

state/national/federal etc legislature

the state legislature of Virginia

steady state theory

sweep the country/nation/state etc

a wave of nationalism sweeping the country

the national/federal/state budget

He has a plan to balance the federal budget.

United States Citizenship and Immigration Services

voice/state an opinion written (= give your opinion, especially in a formal situation )

She has every right to voice her opinion.

welfare state

worked...up into a state

She had worked herself up into a state .

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADJECTIVE

emotional

I can sense your emotional state .

You may also notice that your child likes to maintain a fairly low-key emotional state .

It was certainly not a highly emotional state , nor was it an abandonment of old modes of perception.

In other words, meaning is a highly important component element in the labelling of emotional states .

This has considerable significance for the communication of emotional states and personal interaction.

It must be virtually impossible for a dolphin to hide its inner emotional state .

Throughout they have to be aware of each player's emotional state .

independent

The republic was declared an independent state on Sept. 23.

In the first months the Provincial Juntas acted as independent sovereign states .

It has been replaced by a commonwealth of independent states .

In 1992 western governments had allowed Bosnia to hold a referendum and become an independent state .

This would be as unrealistic and premature as Mr Rugova's call for immediate recognition of an independent state .

mental

As we fall asleep our mental state becomes somewhat unpredictable from such gross measures.

This juggling is mostly unconscious: they automatically adjust their consumption of both drugs to maintain a desired physical or mental state .

But he was worried about the King's mental state , and to what this might lead.

Does their exceptional mental state determine both the quality of their performance and the vividness of their recollection of it?

After a meeting with Minton, Lehmann usually commented in his diary on his mental state .

They are also happy to accept that it is only because we have these mental states that we behave as we do.

They may say they are not sick when clearly they are; this is because of the mental state .

People could think what they liked about her mental state , as long as they didn't stand in her way.

other

The judgment encouraged citizen groups supporting term-limit initiatives in other states .

Around one third of pensioners are so poor that their basic state pension is topped up with other state benefits.

After all, New York State has attracted more foreign companies than any other state , from headquarters operations to manufacturing operations.

Which markets in other member states can they best move into?

Conversely, those under attack from undertakings in dominant positions from other member states have valuable defences to attacking market dominant undertakings.

Along with every other Arab state he officially opposed the partition, but the others knew his intention was the opposite.

Codification has the advantage over other kinds of state power that it generally lasts.

The County Council claims it's merely proposing to bring church schools into line with other state schools.

steady

Instead play is converging to a negative steady state .

At any given dosage, 2-4 days are required to reach steady state .

This produces a steady state in which any stimulatory or inhibitory effects can be measured.

In a word, a steady state system is lively, even truly alive, like a Darwinian universe.

Ecotopians develop steady state systems and technologies.

There was no reasonable mechanism in the steady state theory to generate microwaves with such a spectrum.

The proposal that gained widest support was called the steady state theory.

The calculation is valid for the innermost layer of the wall at a constant transmural pressure and at steady state conditions.

■ NOUN

attorney

We went down once, then a second time with the state attorney general.

She later backed off that statement, but state attorneys are still working out the details for implementation of the law.

The latest rumors are separate from actual talks between cigarette maker Liggett and state attorneys general.

benefit

The letter asks him to consider the needs of older people dependent on state benefits .

They live on state benefits in London, and were granted permission to stay until 2002.

Two-thirds of this group got over three-quarters of their income from state benefits and only 7 percent had any earnings from employment.

She has no legal income other than state benefits .

Nearly 60% of pensioners receive at least 75% of their income from state benefits , particularly the basic pension.

At the time of writing, part of the cost can be met by state benefits .

The fact is that between July and September of this year the whole family was dependent on state benefits .

court

The lawsuit, filed Tuesday in state court in Houston, seeks unspecified damages.

Medtronic Inc. v. Lohr: Federal law does not prevent patients from suing manufacturers of defective medical devices in state courts .

The railroad brought suit in state court on interstate-commerce grounds and won.

That led to a 1994 state court decision rejecting the project because of inadequate environmental protections.

A summary of the federal and state court reporter system appears in Table 1. 1.

Currently, federal courts tend to refuse to take such cases until all local and state court appeals are finished.

The action in state courts is even more awesome.

department

When state department analysts are asked for their opinions, however, pragmatism will probably trump ideology.

In 1996, he was moved to a state Department of Justice office building, allowing him more privacy.

Hearing the onslaught of criticism, the state Department of Education is showing some signs of flexibility.

On the very same day Bush placated the right, Colin Powell spoke to the state department .

Oklahoma Futures oversees the state Department of Commerce and approves the annual business plans of several other state development authorities.

The state Department of Public Safety is working with the counties to come up with damage estimates.

enterprise

Towards this end subsidies for state enterprises would be abolished.

Only 70 state enterprises exceeded their planned profit target in the year.

After spending 17 years in Congress hurling broadsides at foreign creditors and defending state enterprises , Mr Franco has changed course.

The scope for political exchange complicates the nature of bargaining in state enterprise industrial relations.

More recently, governments have imposed financial constraints limiting the call of state enterprises on public funds.

In 1991 Soglo instituted an austerity program and privatized many state enterprises , a trend continued by Kerekou.

The root of these accommodations is the bargaining power possessed by state enterprises .

government

The state governments , of whatever party, attach great importance to the expansion of their own mass media facilities.

The Reagan New Federalism also signalled an increased dependence of urban areas on state government .

The state government retains the right to license other operators to run passenger and freight trains over the country rail network.

Washington must work with state governments to develop more precision in assessing skills, employment rates and job retention.

They have links with the state government in Albany as well as City Hall, which adds hugely to their clout.

It would ban racial and gender preferences in all state government hiring, contracting and education programs.

It remains the means of official communication between the central and state governments , and between individual state governments.

Since most antipoverty programs are partnerships between the federal and state governments , the impact of a higher minimum wage can vary.

law

The revenue-neutral requirement was included in state law in 1992 by financially strapped counties worried that breakaway efforts would be money-driven.

Arrests were made under a state law which makes it a criminal offence to hide ones face at a protest.

A number of state laws describe penalties that may be imposed on teachers or organization officials who engage in an illegal strike.

Under state law if police uncover clear signs of a domestic quarrel, including injuries, they have to bring charges.

But less well known is how he uses state laws to create an unfettered channel of contributions from donors across the country.

It was his job as district attorney to enforce a state law prohibiting abortion except to save a woman's life.

The saguaro is a protected plant under state law .

legislature

In general Republicans supported the measure because its likely effect would be to undermine the long-lasting Democratic domination of the state legislature .

It is only much more recently, however, that Republicans began to run strong campaigns for state legislatures .

Idaho had been selected by anti-abortionists after similar bills had been defeated in several other state legislatures .

Rice noted that Brown is not the only former speaker of a state legislature to join the mayoral ranks.

Unlike the banned groups it had a large membership and was represented in several state legislatures .

Whitman enraged conservatives by opposing a ban on late-term abortions sent to her by the state legislature .

The opposition in the state legislature , Rajiv Gandhi's Congress Party, is rather sulky over the achievement.

It is even questionable that the electronic press has to await permission from a state legislature in order to gain entry.

member

No member state will have to take part in a military operation if it does not want to.

The internal affairs of a member state are no business of the union, hence the reticence in Brussels.

Cultural support measures by member states have a centuries-old tradition behind them.

Future trade agreements will be negotiated not by the member states , but principally by the trade commissioner, Pascal Lamy.

nation

One example of the duplicity of this rhetoric of inevitability concerns the nation state .

The bottom line was that in the Soviet Union, as in every other nation state in history, money talked.

Derived from satellite imagery at comparatively low resolution, predicted yields for different crops in different nation states become of commercial value.

On the one hand they are rebuilding in Berlin the grandiose capital of a restored nation state .

These constitute the basis upon which the very possibility of a nation state rests.

And people live still inside nation states with all their dense allegiances and histories.

The process of forming a nation state did not, evidently, follow the same course everywhere.

This is not to say, however, that popular sovereignty requires a nation state .

pension

However, two main objectives remained central to the movement throughout the period: early retirement combined with adequate state pensions .

And for most pensioners, even those with supplementary pensions or savings, the state pension is their financial lifeline.

Furthermore the level of the state pension is low in both historical and international terms.

Successive governments, however, have made it clear that any alteration of the state pension ages is unlikely.

This includes the state pension , any occupational or personal pension and invalidity benefit.

In old age children provide the only security that exists in countries with no state pension or social security.

The only way in which that can be addressed sensibly is by putting extra money into the basic state pension .

My state pension is £57.60 per week and I have a pension of £360.95 per month from my former employers.

school

Corporal punishment was banned in state schools five years ago.

Justice says they should be allowed to attend the state school .

In state schools only £38 per pupil is spend in secondary schools and £25 in primaries.

Many state schools would be funded by private firms.

The Department of Education and Science has estimated that state schools have a £3 billion backlog of repairs.

It is iniquitous that higher education still discriminates against state school children.

Some state schools have followed the example of the independent schools in asking parents to give covenanted sums.

In state schools , shortage of funds has meant that pupils or their families have to pay for materials and equipment.

welfare

A key fact about the tax benefit welfare state is that those on the highest incomes gain most.

Doughty would admit that in order to safeguard the welfare state income tax would have to go up.

Both are under the greatest attack from a government committed to drawing back from the welfare state .

The Scandinavian welfare states assume agreement over issues which can be highly divisive in many parts of the world.

This view sums up the present Conservative philosophy, seen in government policies towards the welfare state , local government and taxation.

But for all this, the fact remains that the citizen of the agricultural welfare state is not a primal hunter-gatherer.

Two major documents published in the war years provided the planks for the final emergence of the welfare state and managed economy.

The spirit of comradeship that had made victory possible had the welfare state as one of its natural corollaries.

■ VERB

declare

The republic was declared an independent state on Sept. 23.

Officials declared a state of emergency in King County, which includes Seattle, as well as western Washington.

Analysts in Harare believe Mr Mugabe would like nothing better than the chance to declare a nationwide state of emergency.

Emergencies were declared in six states as airports were shut down, stranding travelers across the country.

I heard on the radio that Michigan's governor was being urged to declare a state of emergency.

Emergencies were declared in 12 states and transport links thrown into chaos.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a vegetative state

at local/state/national etc level

Bureaucracy, long absent from the country, was making a rapid return, both at central and at local levels .

Even the left-wing parties that may yet form the government have a record of economic reform at state level .

First, of course, there really does need to be a range of choices available at local level .

He believes everyone has ideas worthy of attention and that earth-saving decisions are best made at local level .

In keeping with the rank-and-file strength of the movement, however, pressure was applied most effectively at local level .

It has also highlighted the differential at local level .

The decision has generated sheafs of proposed new abortion legislation, pro and anti, at state level .

buffer state

in a fit state (to do sth)

An innkeeper can refuse service to any person who is not in a fit state to be received at the inn.

He ordered those of his crew still in a fit state to swim to take to the sea.

If Cullam had been in a fit state to observe behaviour he might have thought the chief inspector bored or preoccupied.

If she'd stayed in a fit state then she wouldn't have found herself in this situation now.

She wasn't in a fit state to be on her own.

The big thing about reading and all that is - you have to be in a fit state for it.

When I was in a fit state she asked if I would like to talk to her.

With so many major projects in hand she wanted to make sure that everything was in a fit state.

lie in state

He lay in state, for ever disgraced.

He lay on the marble slab in the centre of the tiny oblong chapel like a king lying in state.

He may as well have been lying in state.

Jane was fearful for a moment that Flopsy might be lying in state.

President to lie in state while he was still alive.

mid-Atlantic states/region

state the obvious

Finally, at the risk of stating the obvious , I'd like to say that managers must manage better.

Do you have to state the obvious ?

Don't waste precious time stating the obvious .

Let's state the obvious , shall we?

Sometimes he stated the obvious , and sometimes he was wrong; but he was curious, and he made connections.

These are, to state the obvious again, not homosexual poems.

To point out that his statistical contribution in Seattle was negatively aberrant is to state the obvious .

You might also have to avoid stating the obvious .

state/frame of mind

He went off to work in a pleasant frame of mind .

What was his state of mind on the day of the shooting?

If he could say that, for all his suffering, he wasn't in a dying frame of mind .

In what ways is this different to your other states of mind and being?

Meredith went up to the rehearsal room in a less tetchy state of mind .

Neil certainly seemed conscious after that terrible first week, despite his inability to recall his previous state of mind .

Patrick Parrinder has looked sardonically at this comforting but self-deceiving state of mind .

The state that belonged to the Albion revolution was no more than a state of mind .

You can not do that for her, can not alter her frame of mind .

the State Department

the continental United States

If 5 percent of the continental United States is covered by water, the rest might be covered by Willow Bay.

On the back wall of the produce shed hangs a schoolroom map of the continental United States.

Seattle sits on a fault caused by a plate sliding under the continental United States.

the nanny state

Mr Ridley, who was not involved in any of the original decisions, is no supporter of the nanny state either.

Some nonsense or other to do with the nanny state.

the welfare state

turn State's evidence

If both turn state's evidence, the five-year rule applies.

work yourself into a frenzy/panic/state etc

A 16-year-old girl works herself into a frenzy of grief for a friend killed by right-wing vigilantes.

I could see at once he was working himself into a panic about it all.

I knew I was working myself into a state, but I kept on staring at the picture of the dead girl.

It was silly to work himself into a state like this.

Make sure that the horse stays calm and does not work himself into a frenzy.

You're working yourself into a state.

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

For more than 70 years, the former Soviet Union was a one-party state .

Given the general state of his health, it may take him a while to recover from the operation.

In 1830, Greece became an independent state .

It is the duty of the state to pass laws for the common good.

Most of the country's existing schools are in a sorry state of disrepair.

One of the things people complain of most is the state of the sidewalks.

The state of Israel was created in 1948.

the member states of the European Union

When I got back home, I was horrified to see what a terrible state the kitchen was in.

When the gas cools, it condenses back to its liquid state .

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

After 1951 Winston Churchill and his Conservative successors protected the welfare state , maintained full employment, and conciliated the trade unions.

Every activity of the individual citizen is subject to scrutiny by the state , in the name of the public interest.

It also emphasises the need for continuing professional development of science teachers and the poor state of labs and equipment.

Many local officials are still unaware that the state has granted them the powers to set boating laws for their local waters.

The possibility of equity financing depends on the state of the equity market.

The Sassanians expanded eastwards to incorporate into their state the northern part of the disintegrating Kushan empire.

To many who have followed Fokker over the years, its most recent cash-strapped state was nothing new.

II. verb

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADVERB

also

All invoices also state the consignment's ultimate destination.

The new law also states that long-distance companies will be allowed into local phone markets immediately.

It also stated that no new coal-fired power stations need to be ordered before 1990 or 1994.

The agreement also states that Dole is not allowed to forgive the loan.

He also stated that he had no objections to negotiations in the current peace process being held in Cairo.

The detective, Thomas Middleton, also stated in the documents he told John he was not a police officer.

He also stated that the Corsican economy could develop harmoniously around the tourism industry.

He also stated that the landing was designed to assist with the restoration of services to Bougainville.

categorically

He stated categorically that he had no doubts that the parents in this case were innocent.

Summing up, I can state categorically that there is no substitute for hands-on experience.

Sometimes it is even stated categorically that they do not.

Sotheby's stated categorically yesterday that the under-bidder had no association with the company.

I can state categorically that this is not the case.

clearly

Send us your clippings, stating clearly where they have come from and the date.

The method of sampling should be clearly stated , as well as information relative to those unwilling to or unable to cooperate.

You will need an introduction which states clearly what you are talking about and why.

Clearly stating objectives will be a great help in making methods systematic.

Clearly state the message you want the other person to hear.

The development of overall program goals to be achieved by clearly stated objectives which relate to teacher needs and expectations. 3.

I need to state clearly what the book is not.

This resolution clearly states that women are responsible for the Fall and that men are superior because they were created first.

explicitly

The point is, mathematical notation gives us complete liberty, unless it explicitly states otherwise.

As already said, we do not explicitly state these demands to ourselves.

Don't pay any money without a receipt stating explicitly what you've paid for. 2.

They generally began by stating explicitly that being a manager meant being the boss: A manager is the person in charge.

However, most still fail to state explicitly their political value judgements and are unaware of their ideology.

In the United States, 35 states explicitly make doctor-assisted suicide a crime, including New York.

What was implicit in Bukharin's work can now be stated explicitly .

While not explicitly stated by the educators in all of these settings, three basic norms guided what they did.

simply

It simply states that present proposals are unacceptable because they do not retain a fair and equitable trading system.

Simply stated , the cost of complying with regulations is paid directly from the pockets of citizens.

Yet his manner made it clear that he was simply stating a fact, not flattering with a compliment.

The alternative to economic exploitation is simply stated: we leave them alone.

The first law of thermodynamics simply states that energy is neither created nor destroyed during these transformations.

Simply stated , the more nurturing a dough receives from start to finish, the better the bread.

He can simply state in evidence that he examined the licence and found it to be a current provisional.

Simply stated the purpose is the first statement about which the project is all about.

■ NOUN

article

Paragraph 3 of Article 10 states that the essential aim of the penal system is reformation and social rehabilitation.

The present constitution in Article 41.3.2 stated: No law shall be enacted providing for the grant of a dissolution of marriage.

The Forbes article stated that Glushkov was convicted in 1982 of theft of state property.

case

The question is still at the consultation stage and the people concerned should state their particular case .

I was stating my case in the matter.

Sayre states that in most cases , there are less than four resulting alternative letter strings, and usually one.

I will simply have to state the case dogmatically, but: this is untenable.

A strange looking band named Bronski Beat began to state a national case for gay equality.

This simply states , in the case of a limited company, that the liability of members is limited.

I can think of very few occasions when you would not have the time to state your case .

Had she been stating her case too forcibly?

court

Begin your address to the court by stating quite briefly what you wish to show.

When making an order or refusing an application the court must state any findings of fact and the reasons for its decision.

fact

Yet his manner made it clear that he was simply stating a fact , not flattering with a compliment.

Cuts treated commercially with enzymes must b ar labels stating this fact .

She sounded as though she was stating a fact .

He was simply making a point, stating a fact , in his inimitably succinct style.

Right or wrong they have simply attempted to state the facts .

We have now had enough experience in many different countries to state this as a fact .

Though he was deliberately sending himself up, he was also stating a simple fact .

He is stating a practical fact .

government

At first it left the initiative to state and local government but then it progressively took away more and more of it.

The overall cutback in the funding of federal urban programs would require cities to look to state governments for aid.

But to atone for this and other abuses, the firms have already promised $ 246 billion to state governments .

After Thursday, a new maxim ought to state that governments do not win elections, oppositions lose them.

judgment

The facts are stated in the judgment of Sir Donald Nicholls V.-C.

The facts are stated in the judgment .

law

Current law states that a child conceived posthumously is legally fatherless and should be registered as such.

The new law also states that long-distance companies will be allowed into local phone markets immediately.

It is the same law which states that without energy everything falls apart.

University law states that a strike is not a legal means of achieving student objectives.

The law now explicitly states that the study of any such catechism or formulary is not prohibited.

Her case ended up in the Supreme Court which overturned restrictive abortion laws in 46 states .

letter

The man had gone to the local authority to get a letter stating he was fit to have custody of children.

He also left behind a letter stating that the Emperor abused his wife during his absence.

The letter had definitely stated that she was to be met.

If you have a pet, ask your previous landlord for a reference letter stating that your animal is well-behaved.

On May 31, Herrera sent a formal letter to the Chamber stating his reasons for refusing to accept their decision.

One of Descartes's letters states the problem clearly.

member

Number of member states: 113.

In most cases, family members never explicitly state this code, either to themselves or to one another.

Year of foundation: 1971. Member states: 44.

There was pressure from other member states to take foreign policy decisions by majority voting.

In the member states a variety of national policies towards industry have been implemented.

Although these communications are not legally binding, they do give member states strong guidance on legal and taxation issues.

It is still possible for member states to shut doors, if they want to.

The scope for member states to promote their own culture through funds and subsidies remains.

opinion

The facts are stated in the opinion of Lord Keith of Kinkel.

The townspeople: Loved their emperor and were too worried about being thought of as fools to state their real opinions .

The symposium was not the first place I had stated unpopular opinions .

position

Mr. Jones I shall state my position and that of the Opposition in my speech.

It is what allows us to compose momentum states out of position states, or position states out of momentum states.

Lord Denning stated that the position would have been different if the stairs leading to the basement had given way.

We proceeded to state our respective positions , which took about fifteen minutes.

The Efta states now occupy a position within a free-trade area, but outside Political union.

Still, the economists in the central tradition stated their position with some clarity.

Moreover the ontological reductivist can not state his own philosophical position coherently.

reason

He waited for Ballater to explain himself or to state the reason for his visit.

She could not add or subtract was the stated reason .

If so, state your reasons briefly.

On May 31, Herrera sent a formal letter to the Chamber stating his reasons for refusing to accept their decision.

Magistrates also had to state their reasons for dismissing a case.

Downing Street will supply them with special forms to state the reasons for their recommendations.

Deportation orders do not have to state the reasons for expulsion.

On 20 July, this House allowed the appeal, stating that the reasons for so doing would be given later.

report

In your report the council leader states that they would be increasing parking for the disabled in Abbot's Yard.

The report failed to state exactly how much timber could be harvested at present.

The report states that immigration authorities have found evidence of 250 brothels in 26 cities where victims of trafficking are working.

Often the press reports fail to state the facts completely or they slant their account of the case.

theory

The theory states that individuals possess certain characteristics so that they are predisposed to act in a certain way within a given situation.

This theory states that various market participants have distinct maturity preferences.

The theory states that if we receive an excess of definitions favourable over those unfavourable, then we will commit crime.

The demand that theories should be highly falsifiable has the attractive consequence that theories should be clearly stated and precise.

The falsificationist demands that theories be stated with sufficient clarity to run the risk of falsification.

■ VERB

require

The voter is required to state his preferences, and to state them once for all, before any votes are counted.

President Clinton signed a law last year that requires states to make information on sexually violent criminals available to the public.

It requires member states to set rules on mandatory bids, providing information to shareholders and treating them equally.

Currently, the federal government requires states to provide whatever services are medically necessary.

S.2 of that Act also requires a company to state its objects.

The welfare provisions, meanwhile, require states to put recipients to work and penalize those that fail to do so.

Companies are required to state that their accounts are prepared in accordance with approved accounting standards.

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a vegetative state

at local/state/national etc level

Bureaucracy, long absent from the country, was making a rapid return, both at central and at local levels .

Even the left-wing parties that may yet form the government have a record of economic reform at state level .

First, of course, there really does need to be a range of choices available at local level .

He believes everyone has ideas worthy of attention and that earth-saving decisions are best made at local level .

In keeping with the rank-and-file strength of the movement, however, pressure was applied most effectively at local level .

It has also highlighted the differential at local level .

The decision has generated sheafs of proposed new abortion legislation, pro and anti, at state level .

buffer state

in a fit state (to do sth)

An innkeeper can refuse service to any person who is not in a fit state to be received at the inn.

He ordered those of his crew still in a fit state to swim to take to the sea.

If Cullam had been in a fit state to observe behaviour he might have thought the chief inspector bored or preoccupied.

If she'd stayed in a fit state then she wouldn't have found herself in this situation now.

She wasn't in a fit state to be on her own.

The big thing about reading and all that is - you have to be in a fit state for it.

When I was in a fit state she asked if I would like to talk to her.

With so many major projects in hand she wanted to make sure that everything was in a fit state.

mid-Atlantic states/region

state the obvious

Finally, at the risk of stating the obvious , I'd like to say that managers must manage better.

Do you have to state the obvious ?

Don't waste precious time stating the obvious .

Let's state the obvious , shall we?

Sometimes he stated the obvious , and sometimes he was wrong; but he was curious, and he made connections.

These are, to state the obvious again, not homosexual poems.

To point out that his statistical contribution in Seattle was negatively aberrant is to state the obvious .

You might also have to avoid stating the obvious .

state/frame of mind

He went off to work in a pleasant frame of mind .

What was his state of mind on the day of the shooting?

If he could say that, for all his suffering, he wasn't in a dying frame of mind .

In what ways is this different to your other states of mind and being?

Meredith went up to the rehearsal room in a less tetchy state of mind .

Neil certainly seemed conscious after that terrible first week, despite his inability to recall his previous state of mind .

Patrick Parrinder has looked sardonically at this comforting but self-deceiving state of mind .

The state that belonged to the Albion revolution was no more than a state of mind .

You can not do that for her, can not alter her frame of mind .

the State Department

the continental United States

If 5 percent of the continental United States is covered by water, the rest might be covered by Willow Bay.

On the back wall of the produce shed hangs a schoolroom map of the continental United States.

Seattle sits on a fault caused by a plate sliding under the continental United States.

the nanny state

Mr Ridley, who was not involved in any of the original decisions, is no supporter of the nanny state either.

Some nonsense or other to do with the nanny state.

the welfare state

turn State's evidence

If both turn state's evidence, the five-year rule applies.

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

Justice Cohen stated clearly that no further action would be taken.

Please state your full name for the record.

The government needs to clearly state its policy on possible military action.

The law states that you are innocent until proved guilty.

The receipt clearly states that refunds are not allowed.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

It is given only as an example which is easy to state .

The essay begins by stating its main point: that the title focuses attention on a multifunctional symbol within the story.

The parallels are stated, not reasoned.

The permit, which is free, also has an information sheet which states 11 separate conditions concerning the use of skips.

This effect need not be stated in terms.

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.