Meaning of MIST in English

MIST

I. mist 1 /mɪst/ BrE AmE noun

[ Language: Old English ]

1 . [uncountable and countable] a light cloud low over the ground that makes it difficult for you to see very far ⇨ fog :

We could just see the outline of the house through the mist.

He vanished into the mist.

The hills were shrouded in mist (=covered in mist, so that you could not see them) .

The mist came down off the mountains.

The mists rolled in off the sea (=came on to the land the sea)

2 . lost in the mists of time if something such as a fact or secret is lost in the mists of time, no one remembers it because it happened so long ago:

The real reasons for the war are now lost in the mists of time.

3 . see something through a mist of tears literary to see something while you are crying

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COLLOCATIONS

■ verbs

▪ be covered in mist ( also be shrouded in mist literary )

The tops of the mountains were shrouded in mist.

▪ a mist comes down/in (=comes to a place)

The mist came down like a curtain.

▪ a mist rolls in (=moves along to a place)

A mist began to roll in off the sea.

▪ the mist clears/lifts (=goes away)

The mountains suddenly appeared as the mist lifted.

▪ mist swirls (=moves in circles)

The boat disappeared into the swirling mist.

▪ a mist hangs/lies somewhere (=stays in a place)

A thick mist lay on the hills.

▪ a mist drifts (=moves slightly)

A mist drifted over the marsh.

▪ a mist rises (=comes up from something such as water)

I could see the mist rising from the river.

▪ a mist obscures/hides something (=covers something so that you cannot see it)

Mist obscured the ships in the harbor.

▪ disappear/vanish into the mist (=stop being seen because of the mist)

He passed me on the trail and disappeared into the mist.

▪ appear out of the mist ( also emerge from the mist )

Suddenly my commanding officer appeared out of the mist.

▪ loom out of the mist (=start being seen in a way that is not clear, because the mist still covers it slightly)

Here and there trees loomed out of the mist.

■ ADJECTIVES/NOUN + mist

▪ a fine/light mist

A fine mist began to settle on the water.

▪ a thick/heavy mist

Outside, a heavy mist obscured everything.

▪ the morning/evening mist

The sun broke through the morning mist.

▪ autumn mist(s)

The field looked magical in the autumn mist.

▪ a sea mist

Alice sailed into a small patch of sea mist.

■ phrases

▪ a veil/curtain of mist (=an amount of mist that prevents you seeing something clearly)

We looked up, through the veil of mist, at the waterfall.

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THESAURUS

▪ cloud noun [uncountable and countable] a white or grey mass in the sky that forms from very small drops of water:

The storm was still a way off but black clouds were gathering.

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Thick cloud obscured the top of the hill.

▪ fog noun [uncountable and countable] very thick cloud near the ground which is difficult to see through:

The cars crashed into each other in thick fog.

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The fog had lifted (=disappeared) slightly.

▪ mist noun [uncountable and countable] light cloud near the ground that makes it difficult for you to see very far. Mist is usually not as thick as fog . You often get mist near areas of water or mountains:

The morning mist was lifting and the sun was coming up.

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A grey mist hung over the water.

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The hills were shrouded in mist (=surrounded by mist) .

▪ haze noun [singular, uncountable] smoke, dust, or mist in the air which is difficult to see through:

He saw the horses coming towards him through a haze of dust.

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The road shimmered in the heat haze.

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A pale blue haze hung over the far-off mountains.

▪ smog noun [uncountable and countable] dirty air that looks like a mixture of smoke and fog, caused by smoke from cars and factories in cities:

The city is covered in smog for much of the year.

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A smog warning was issued for parts of Southern Oregon.

▪ thundercloud noun [countable] a large dark cloud that you see before or during a storm:

He watched the thunderclouds roll across the valley.

▪ vapour trail British English , vapor trail American English noun [countable] the white line that is left in the sky by a plane:

High overhead, a jet left its vapour trail across the blue sky.

II. mist 2 BrE AmE verb

[transitive] to cover something with very small drops of liquid in order to keep it wet:

The plant has to be misted every day.

mist over phrasal verb

1 . if someone’s eyes mist over, they become filled with tears:

His eyes misted over at the memory of his wife.

2 . to mist up

mist up phrasal verb

if a piece of glass mists up, or if something mists it up, it becomes covered with very small drops of water so that you cannot see through it

mist something ↔ up

I can’t see where I’m going, with the windows all misted up like this.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.