Meaning of SAMPLE in English
I. sam ‧ ple 1 S3 W2 /ˈsɑːmp ə l $ ˈsæm-/ BrE AmE noun [countable]
[ Date: 1200-1300 ; Language: Old French ; Origin: essample , from Latin exemplum ; ⇨ ↑ example ]
1 . a small part or amount of something that is examined in order to find out something about the whole
I’d like to see some samples of your work.
They took a blood sample to test for hepatitis.
2 . a small amount of a product that people can try in order to find out what it is like
samples of a new shampoo
3 . a small group of people who have been chosen from a larger group to give information or answers to questions:
The sample consisted of 98 secondary school teachers.
Out of a random sample of drivers, 21% had been in an accident in the previous year.
a nationally representative sample of over 950 elderly persons
4 . a small part of a song from a ↑ CD or record that is used in a new song:
Her latest album makes extensive use of samples from a wide range of acid jazz tracks.
• • •
■ NOUN + sample
▪ a blood/urine/tissue etc sample
He compared the samples with a blood sample from Mr Green.
▪ a water/soil etc sample
They analysed soil samples collected from streams.
▪ a DNA sample
Archaeologists are studying DNA samples from ancient Egyptian mummies.
▪ take/collect a sample
The study took samples from workers at four nuclear plants.
▪ give/provide a sample
He said he had once fainted when giving a sample of blood.
▪ analyse/test a sample
All the samples were tested for bacteria.
II. sample 2 BrE AmE verb [transitive]
1 . to taste food or drink in order to see what it is like:
a chance to sample the local food
2 . to choose some people from a larger group in order to ask them questions or get information from them:
18% of the adults sampled admitted having had problems with alcohol abuse.
3 . to try an activity, go to a place etc in order to see what it is like:
Here’s your chance to sample the delights of country life.
4 . to use a small part of a song from a ↑ CD or record in a new song:
Many of his songs have been sampled by other artists.
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. Longman - Словарь современного английского языка. 2012