Meaning of SUPPORT in English

SUPPORT

I. sup ‧ port 1 S1 W2 /səˈpɔːt $ -ɔːrt/ BrE AmE verb [transitive]

[ Word Family: noun : ↑ support , ↑ supporter ; adjective : ↑ supportive , ↑ supporting ; verb : ↑ support ]

[ Date: 1300-1400 ; Language: Old French ; Origin: supporter , from Latin supportare 'to carry' , from sub- ( ⇨ ↑ sub- ) + portare 'to carry' ]

1 . AGREE AND HELP to say that you agree with an idea, group, or person, and usually to help them because you want them to succeed:

The bill was supported by a large majority in the Senate.

support somebody in (doing) something

We need to support our teachers in their efforts to raise standards.

We strongly support the peace process.

2 . BE KIND TO SOMEBODY to help someone by being sympathetic and kind to them during a difficult time in their life:

My wife supported me enormously.

3 . PROVIDE MONEY TO LIVE to provide enough money for someone to pay for all the things they need:

I have a wife and two children to support.

support somebody by (doing) something

She supports her family by teaching evening classes.

support yourself

I have no idea how I am going to support myself.

4 . GIVE MONEY TO SOMETHING to give money to a group, organization, or event etc to encourage it or pay for its costs:

There are a handful of charities which I support regularly.

5 . HOLD SOMETHING UP to hold the weight of something, keep it in place, or prevent it from falling:

The middle part of the bridge is supported by two huge towers.

During sleep, our spine no longer needs to support the weight of our body.

support yourself (on something)

I got to my feet, supporting myself on the side of the table.

6 . PROVE SOMETHING if results, facts, studies etc support an idea or statement, they show or prove that it is correct:

The results support our original theory.

There is little evidence to support such explanations.

7 . SPORTS TEAM British English to like a particular sports team and go to watch the games they play:

Which team do you support?

I’ve supported Liverpool all my life.

8 . COMPUTERS to provide information and material to improve a computer program or system, or to make it keep working:

I don’t think they support that version of the program anymore.

9 . LAND if land can support people or animals, it is of good enough quality to grow enough food for them to live:

This land can’t support many cattle.

10 . WATER/AIR/EARTH if water, air, or earth can support life, it is clean enough, has enough oxygen etc to keep animals or plants alive:

Because of pollution, this lake is now too acid to support fish.

healthy soil that can support plant life

11 . support a habit to get money in order to pay for a bad habit, especially taking drugs:

He turned to crime to support his habit.

• • •

THESAURUS

■ to agree with and help somebody/something

▪ support to say that you agree with a person or idea, and usually help them because you want them to succeed:

We will support your decision.

|

Thanks to everyone who supported us throughout the trial.

|

The tsunami appeal was supported by thousands of people.

▪ back to support a person or plan by providing money or practical help – used about governments or other powerful groups:

The £100 million scheme is backed by the British government.

|

The people backing him do not have the interests of the club at heart.

▪ endorse to formally and officially say that you support a person, plan, or idea:

Agriculture ministers refused to endorse the Commission's proposals.

▪ get behind somebody/something to support a person or plan and help them be successful - used especially about a group of people:

The England fans really got behind the team.

|

I really believe in this initiative, but it was hard to find business people who were willing to get behind it.

|

The police can't do anything unless the public gets behind them.

▪ stand up for somebody/something to say that you support someone or something when they are being attacked:

You were the only person who stood up for me at the meeting.

|

He stood up for what he believed in.

▪ side with somebody to support one of the people or groups involved in an argument - used especially when you disapprove of this or think it is unfair:

I felt she was siding with her mother rather than standing up for me.

|

The jury often side with the defendant in these situations.

■ to stop something from falling

▪ support to hold the weight of something and stop it from falling:

The branch was too weak to support his weight.

|

The ceiling was supported by huge stone columns.

|

Her body was so weak that she had to be supported by two nurses.

▪ hold up to stop something from falling:

These poles hold up the outer part of the tent.

|

His trousers were held up by an old piece of string.

▪ prop up to stop something from falling by putting something against it or under it:

The builders have propped up the walls with steel beams.

▪ carry to support the weight of someone or something – used about something supporting several people, vehicles etc:

The bridge could only carry up to two cars at a time.

|

The lift can carry up to 12 people.

▪ hold to be strong enough to support the weight of someone or something:

Are you sure the branch will hold both of us?

|

She prayed that the roof would hold her weight as she crawled along it.

▪ bear literary or technical to hold the weight of something:

The truck did not look strong enough to bear the weight of all those people.

|

a load-bearing wall

▪ take somebody's/something's weight to be strong enough to support the weight of someone or something:

His damaged leg would not take his weight.

|

Any large mirrors should have additional support to take their weight.

|

Make sure you choose a pole that will take the weight of your curtains.

II. support 2 S1 W1 BrE AmE noun

[ Word Family: noun : ↑ support , ↑ supporter ; adjective : ↑ supportive , ↑ supporting ; verb : ↑ support ]

1 . APPROVAL [uncountable] approval, encouragement, and perhaps help for a person, idea, plan etc:

Local people have given us a lot of support in our campaign.

support for

There was widespread support for the war.

in support

They signed a petition in support of the pay claim.

support of

He had the full support of the general committee.

2 . SYMPATHY/HELP [uncountable] sympathy and help that you give to someone who is in a difficult situation or who is very unhappy:

I couldn’t have made it through those times without the support of my boyfriend Rob.

3 . MONEY [uncountable] money that you give a person, group, organization etc to help pay for their costs:

The European Union is considering whether to provide financial support for the expedition.

with sb’s support

With your support, we can help these youngsters.

4 .

HOLDING SOMETHING UP [uncountable and countable] something that presses on something else to hold it up or in position:

The roof may need extra support.

the wooden supports of the bridge

for support

She grabbed at his shoulders for support.

5 . PROOF [uncountable] facts that show that an idea or statement is correct

support for

My own research provides some support for this view.

6 . COMPUTERS [uncountable] the help or information that you receive to improve a computer system, make it continue working, or use it correctly:

our technical support team

7 . CONCERT/PERFORMANCE [uncountable] a band, singer, or performer that performs for a short time at the same concert as a more famous and popular band etc:

We played support to a band called Shallow.

the support band

the support act (=the support band)

8 . SOLDIERS [uncountable] help or protection that is given by one group of soldiers to another group who are fighting in a battle:

logistical support

air/ground support (=help or protection that comes from people in aircraft or people on the ground)

9 . FOR PART OF BODY [countable] something that you wear to hold a weak or damaged part of your body in the right place

back/neck/knee etc support

⇨ ↑ child support , ↑ income support , ↑ life support system , ⇨ moral support at ↑ moral 1 (3)

• • •

COLLOCATIONS

■ verbs

▪ have support

The extreme right-wing parties don’t have much popular support.

▪ give (your) support ( also lend (your) support formal )

The American people gave him their enthusiastic support.

|

The naturalist Sir David Attenborough has lent his support to the campaign.

▪ pledge/offer (your) support (=say that you will support someone or something)

Both the opposition parties pledged full support for the new administration.

▪ get/draw support

The plan drew wide support from parents.

▪ win/gain/attract support

Try to win the support of local shopkeepers.

▪ enjoy/command support formal (=have support)

His views were too extreme to command general support.

▪ drum up/rally support (=get people’s support by making an effort)

Both sides have been drumming up support through the internet.

▪ enlist sb’s support formal (=ask for and get their support)

He wrote to the Prime Minister in an attempt to enlist his support.

▪ mobilize support (=get people to support something in an active way)

Part of their mission was to mobilize popular support for Franco.

▪ build (up) support (=increase it)

Now he needs to build his support by explaining what he believes in.

▪ withdraw support (=no longer support )

He's decided to withdraw his support for the project.

■ adjectives

▪ public/popular support

There seemed to be no popular support for war.

▪ widespread/wide/general support

There is widespread support for the Government’s proposal.

▪ strong support

A survey found strong support for the project among hospital staff.

▪ massive support

We have massive public support.

▪ sb’s full support

That view deserves the full support of all farmers.

▪ whole-hearted/enthusiastic support

I want you to know that you have my whole-hearted support.

▪ active support (=approval and help)

Les, with the active support of his wife Pam, has spent several years compiling a list of the prisoners.

▪ unanimous support (=when all members of a group support something)

There was nearly unanimous support for the proposal.

• • •

THESAURUS

▪ help the things you do to make it easier or possible for someone to do something:

Now that I’m working, the kids need to give me more help with the housework.

|

The book would never have been finished without his help.

▪ assistance help. Assistance is more formal than help , and is used especially about people giving official help:

The police are asking the public for their assistance.

|

The project received financial assistance from the government.

|

Thank you very much for your assistance, sir.

|

He set up the business with the assistance of his two sons.

▪ aid help. Aid is more formal than help , and is used especially about money, food, medicine etc. that is given to countries or people that are in a very bad situation:

Aid is being sent to areas affected by the earthquake.

|

The US spends billions of dollars on aid to developing countries.

|

Another driver stopped and came to his aid.

▪ support help and encouragement:

Thanks to everyone who gave us their support.

|

We could not have won the case without your support.

▪ cooperation help – used especially when people, organizations, or countries work together to get things done, and show that they are willing to do this:

a spirit of international cooperation

|

The cooperation of landowners was needed for the plan to succeed.

▪ backup extra people, equipment etc that can be used in case people need help:

The officer waited for backup to arrive before making any arrests.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.