Meaning of TYPE in English

TYPE

I. type 1 S1 W1 /taɪp/ BrE AmE noun

[ Word Family: noun : ↑ type , ↑ typology ; adjective : ↑ typical ≠ ↑ atypical , ↑ typological ; verb : ↑ typify ; adverb : ↑ typically ]

[ Date: 1400-1500 ; Language: Latin ; Origin: typus 'image' , from Greek typos 'act of hitting, mark made by hitting, model' , from typtein 'to hit' ]

1 . [countable] one member of a group of people or things that have similar features or qualities

of this/that/each etc type

I’ve already seen a few movies of this type.

type of

What type of music do you like?

There are two main types of sleep.

GRAMMAR

type, kind, sort

Type , kind , and sort are countable nouns, and they should be plural after plural determiners:

Many sorts of jobs (NOT Many sort of jobs) require computing skills.

Use a singular or uncountable noun with no determiner after type/kind/sort of :

children who attend the same type of school

This sort of behaviour is totally unacceptable.

Use a singular, plural, or uncountable noun with no determiner after types/kinds/sorts of :

How common are these types of illness OR illnesses?

► In informal speech, people sometimes use these/those type of before a plural noun, but do not use this in writing.

2 . [singular] a person who has, or seems to have, a particular character:

Jo’s not really the sporty type.

Beth is not the type to make a fuss.

3 . be sb’s type especially spoken to be the kind of person someone is sexually attracted to:

He wasn’t my type really.

4 . [uncountable] printed letters:

italic type

5 . [uncountable and countable] a small block with a raised letter on it that is used to print with, or a set of these

• • •

COLLOCATIONS

■ ADJECTIVES/NOUN + type

▪ this/that type

He is not suited to this type of work.

▪ a particular type

Have you flown this particular type of aircraft before?

▪ the same type

The use the same type of axe as a tool and a weapon.

▪ a different type

I’ve learned to work with different types of people.

▪ a new type

These architects felt the time had come for a new type of public building.

▪ the main type

Methane is the main type of gas produced.

▪ skin/hair type

The best cleanser for you depends on your skin type.

▪ blood type American English (=one of the classes into which human blood can be separated)

Mother and child had the same blood type.

▪ personality type (=with a particular type of character)

Find out your personality type by answering our simple questionnaire.

▪ soil type (=for example, sandy soil or clay soil)

The plant thrives in a wide range of soil types.

• • •

THESAURUS

▪ type/kind/sort one member of a group of people or things that have similar features or qualities. Type is the usual word to use in scientific or technical contexts. In everyday English, people usually use kind or sort :

What type of fish is this?

|

There are two main personality types.

▪ kind a type of person or thing. Kind is less formal than type , and is used especially in everyday English:

What kind of food do you like?

|

There were all kinds of people there.

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The study is the first of its kind in Ireland.

▪ sort especially British English a type of person or thing. Sort is less formal than type , and is used especially in everyday British English:

What sort of person is she?

|

I like all sorts of music.

▪ form one type of something from all the ones that are possible – used especially when things have different physical characteristics, or in certain fixed phrases:

There are many forms of heart disease.

|

Melanoma is a form of skin cancer.

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The first primitive life forms consumed various materials, including hydrogen sulfide, and released oxygen.

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In those days, horses were the commonest form of transport.

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We need to use alternative forms of energy.

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a popular form of entertainment

▪ variety a type that is slightly different from others in the same group:

The French make many varieties of cheese.

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This is a new variety of apple.

▪ species a type of plant or animal, which can breed together to produce plants or animals of the same type:

These forests contain many species of trees.

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The giant panda is an endangered species.

▪ of a ... nature formal used when talking about a particular type of thing:

Many people find it embarrassing to discuss problems of a sexual nature.

|

Minor incidents of this nature normally occur about once a month.

▪ category a group of people or things that are all of the same type – used when there is a clear system for deciding which group something belongs to:

The three major categories of rock are: igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary.

|

She won the best actress category at the Oscars.

▪ brand used when talking about the particular way that someone does something or thinks about something, when this is very different from that of other people:

She has her own special brand of humour.

|

He has called for a more positive brand of politics.

▪ genre formal a type of art, music, literature etc. that has a particular style or feature:

He has written novels in several genres, most notably science fiction.

■ a type of product

▪ brand the name of a type of product made by a company, especially one that you use every day such as food or cleaning products:

a survey to find out which brand of toothpaste people prefer

|

advertising for a well-known brand of cigarettes

▪ make a type of product made by a particular company – used especially about things such as machines, equipment, or cars:

'What make of car do you drive?' 'A Ford.'

▪ model one particular type or design of a vehicle, machine etc:

The new models are much faster.

II. type 2 BrE AmE verb

1 . [intransitive and transitive] to write something using a computer or a ↑ typewriter :

He types with two fingers.

Type your password, then press ‘Return’.

type something up (=type a copy of something written by hand, in note form, or recorded)

I went home to type up the report.

type something in (=write information on a computer)

Please wait while I type in your details.

2 . [transitive] technical to find out what group something such as blood, cells, or a disease belong to:

DNA typing

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.