Meaning of TYPE in English

TYPE

I. ˈtīp noun

Usage: often attributive

Etymology: Middle English, from Late Latin typus, from Latin & Greek; Latin typus image, from Greek typos blow, impression, model, from typtein to strike, beat; akin to Sanskrit tupati he injures and probably to Latin stupēre to be benumbed

Date: 15th century

1.

a. : a person or thing (as in the Old Testament) believed to foreshadow another (as in the New Testament)

b. : one having qualities of a higher category : model

c. : a lower taxonomic category selected as a standard of reference for a higher category ; also : a specimen or series of specimens on which a taxonomic species or subspecies is actually based

2. : a distinctive mark or sign

3.

a.

(1) : a rectangular block usually of metal bearing a relief character from which an inked print can be made

(2) : a collection of such blocks

a font of type

(3) : alphanumeric characters for printing

the type for this book has been photoset

b. : typeface

italic type

c. : printed letters

d. : matter set in type

4.

a. : qualities common to a number of individuals that distinguish them as an identifiable class: as

(1) : the morphological, physiological, or ecological characters by which relationship between organisms may be recognized

(2) : the form common to all instances of a linguistic element

b. : a typical and often superior specimen

c. : a member of an indicated class or variety of people

the guests were mostly urban type s — Lucy Cook

d. : a particular kind, class, or group

oranges of the seedless type

leaders of the new type …did England yeoman's service — G. M. Trevelyan

e. : something distinguishable as a variety : sort

what type of food do you like?

Synonyms:

type , kind , sort , nature , description , character mean a number of individuals thought of as a group because of a common quality or qualities. type may suggest strong and clearly marked similarity throughout the items included so that each is typical of the group

one of three basic body types

kind may suggest natural grouping

a zoo seemingly having animals of every kind

sort often suggests some disparagement

the sort of newspaper dealing in sensational stories

nature may imply inherent, essential resemblance rather than obvious or superficial likenesses

two problems of a similar nature

description implies a group marked by agreement in all details belonging to a type as described or defined

not all acts of that description are actually illegal

character implies a group marked by distinctive likenesses peculiar to the type

research on the subject so far has been of an elementary character

II. verb

( typed ; typ·ing )

Date: 1596

transitive verb

1. : to represent beforehand as a type : prefigure

2.

a. : to produce a copy of

b. : to represent in terms of typical characteristics : typify

3. : to produce (as a character or document) using a keyboard (as on a typewriter or computer) ; also : keyboard

4. : to identify as belonging to a type: as

a. : to determine the natural type of (as a blood sample)

b. : typecast

intransitive verb

: to write something on a typewriter or enter data into a computer by way of a keyboard

• type·able ˈtī-pə-bəl adjective

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.