Meaning of WINDOW in English

WINDOW

win ‧ dow S1 W1 /ˈwɪndəʊ $ -doʊ/ BrE AmE noun [countable]

[ Date: 1200-1300 ; Language: Old Norse ; Origin: vindauga , from vindr 'wind' + auga 'eye' ]

1 . a space or an area of glass in the wall of a building or vehicle that lets in light

open/close/shut a window

Do you mind if I open the window?

out of/from/through the window

She looked out of the window to see if it was raining.

The sun was shining through the windows.

in the window (=just inside a window)

We were looking at the Christmas displays in the shop windows.

bedroom/kitchen etc window ⇨ ↑ bay window , DORMER WINDOW , ↑ French windows , ↑ picture window , ↑ sash window

2 . one of the separate areas on a computer screen where different programs are operating

3 . ( also window of opportunity ) a short period of time that is available for a particular activity:

Delay might open a window of opportunity for their rivals.

4 . an area on an envelope with clear plastic in it which lets you see the address written on the letter inside the envelope

5 . a window on/to the world something that makes it possible to see and learn about what is happening in other parts of the world:

Television provides us with a useful window on the world.

6 . go out (of) the window informal to disappear completely or no longer have any effect:

One glass of wine, and all my good intentions went out the window.

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COLLOCATIONS

■ verbs

▪ open a window

I opened the window and breathed in the fresh air.

▪ close/shut a window

She shut the window firmly.

▪ roll up/down a window (=open or shut the window in a car)

Lucy rolled the window down and waved to him.

▪ look/gaze/stare out of the window

Mom stared out of the window at the road.

■ ADJECTIVES/NOUN + window

▪ open

A breeze from the open window lifted her hair.

▪ closed/shut

All the windows were closed.

▪ a front window

I don't want people looking in my front window.

▪ a back window

The burglar had got in through one of the back windows.

▪ the rear window (=the back window, especially of a car)

The car's rear window had been bashed in.

▪ a shop/store window

She looked in shop windows.

▪ somebody's bedroom/office window

From his bedroom window he could see two men having an argument.

▪ the kitchen/car etc window

She had left the kitchen window open.

▪ a stained glass window (=made of pieces of coloured glass)

The church has fine medieval stained glass windows.

■ window + NOUN

▪ the window frame

The window frame was rotten.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.