Meaning of PLANE in English

PLANE

I. ˈplān verb

( planed ; plan·ing )

Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French planer, from Late Latin planare, from Latin planus level — more at floor

Date: 14th century

transitive verb

1.

a. : to make smooth or even : level

b. : to make smooth or even by use of a plane

2. : to remove by or as if by planing — often used with away or off

intransitive verb

1. : to work with a plane

2. : to do the work of a plane

• plan·er noun

II. noun

Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin platanus, from Greek platanos; probably akin to Greek platys broad — more at place

Date: 14th century

: any of a genus ( Platanus of the family Platanaceae, the plane-tree family) of chiefly deciduous trees with large palmately lobed leaves, flowers in globose heads, and usually scaling bark — called also buttonwood, plane tree, sycamore

III. noun

Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Late Latin plana, from planare

Date: 14th century

: a tool for smoothing or shaping a wood surface

IV. noun

Etymology: Latin planum, from neuter of planus level

Date: 1571

1.

a. : a surface in which if any two points are chosen a straight line joining them lies wholly in that surface

b. : a flat or level surface

2. : a level of existence, consciousness, or development

on the intellectual plane

3.

a. : one of the main supporting surfaces of an airplane

b.

[by shortening]

: airplane

V. adjective

Etymology: Latin planus

Date: 14th century

1. : having no elevations or depressions : flat

2.

a. : of, relating to, or dealing with geometric planes

b. : lying in a plane

a plane curve

Synonyms: see level

VI. intransitive verb

( planed ; plan·ing )

Etymology: Middle English, from Middle French planer, from plain level, plain

Date: 15th century

1.

a. : to fly while keeping the wings motionless

b. : to skim across the surface of the water

2. : to travel by airplane

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.