Meaning of SENTENCE in English

SENTENCE

I.

noun

1 group of words

ADJECTIVE

▪ long , short

Try to keep your ~s short.

▪ complete , whole

▪ broken , incomplete

▪ full

She was a gifted child and could speak in full ~s at a very young age.

▪ single

The argument can be distilled into a single ~.

▪ grammatical , ungrammatical

▪ coherent

▪ affirmative , declarative , negative

▪ complex , simple

▪ run-on ( AmE )

▪ opening

the opening ~ of the novel

‘Once upon a time … ’—the opening ~ to some of our very best-loved fairy tales

▪ following

I came across the following ~ in a paper recently … 

VERB + SENTENCE

▪ begin

▪ finish

Peter finished Jane's ~ for her.

▪ complete

Complete the following ~: ‘I love dictionaries because … ’.

▪ end

He tells her not to end her ~s with prepositions.

▪ speak , utter

Troy uttered one last ~.

The last ~ was spoken considerably more softly than the others.

▪ construct , form , formulate , string together , write

He can barely form a grammatical ~.

Cooke was so nervous he could barely string a ~ together.

▪ parse

▪ punctuate ( usually figurative )

She punctuated her ~ with a well-aimed kick at his right shin.

▪ read

I kept reading the same ~ over and over again.

SENTENCE + VERB

▪ contain sth , have sth

Does the ~ contain an adverb?

SENTENCE + NOUN

▪ structure

2 punishment given by a judge

ADJECTIVE

▪ maximum , minimum

the mandatory minimum ~ ( AmE )

▪ average

▪ long , short

▪ harsh , heavy , severe , stiff

▪ lenient , light

▪ reduced

He turned state's evidence in return for a reduced ~.

▪ indeterminate ( esp. BrE )

▪ appropriate

▪ mandatory

The judge imposed the mandatory ~ for murder.

▪ suspended

▪ jail , prison

▪ criminal

He suggested doubling the criminal ~s for company executives.

▪ custodial , non-custodial (both BrE )

▪ death

▪ life

VERB + SENTENCE

▪ hand down , impose , pass , pronounce

The judge will pass ~ on the accused this afternoon.

▪ be given , get , receive

▪ begin ( esp. BrE )

He has begun a life ~ for Carol's murder.

▪ serve

He will have to serve a life ~.

▪ carry out , complete

ex-felons who have completed their ~s

▪ await ( esp. BrE )

He spent a week in custody awaiting ~.

▪ face

She could face a long prison ~.

▪ suspend

▪ appeal ( esp. AmE ), appeal against ( BrE )

▪ review

▪ commute , reduce

The death ~ may be commuted to life imprisonment.

▪ overturn , quash ( BrE )

▪ uphold

The US Supreme Court recently upheld both of these ~s.

▪ carry

This type of assault carries a maximum ~ of six months in prison.

PREPOSITION

▪ ~ for

an eight-year ~ for burglary

PHRASES

▪ under ~ of death

He was imprisoned under ~ of death.

He has been in prison for two months under ~ of death.

II.

verb

ADVERB

▪ hereby

I hereby ~ you to death by hanging.

(= as spoken by a judge)

▪ in absentia

He has been convicted and ~d in absentia.

(= he was not present at the trial.)

PREPOSITION

▪ for

They had been ~d for murder.

▪ to

He was ~d to two years in prison.

The judge ~d her to life imprisonment.

Sentence is used with these nouns as the subject: ↑ court , ↑ judge , ↑ magistrate , ↑ tribunal

Sentence is used with these nouns as the object: ↑ defendant , ↑ murderer , ↑ offender

Oxford Collocations English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь словосочетаний .