Meaning of SENTENCE in English

SENTENCE

n. & v.

--n.

1. a a set of words complete in itself as the expression of a thought, containing or implying a subject and predicate, and conveying a statement, question, exclamation, or command. b a piece of writing or speech between two full stops or equivalent pauses, often including several grammatical sentences (e.g. I went; he came).

2 a a decision of a lawcourt, esp. the punishment allotted to a person convicted in a criminal trial. b the declaration of this.

3 Logic a series of signs or symbols expressing a proposition in an artificial or logical language.

--v.tr.

1. declare the sentence of (a convicted criminal etc.).

2 (foll. by to) declare (such a person) to be condemned to a specified punishment.

Phrases and idioms:

under sentence of having been condemned to (under sentence of death).

Etymology: ME f. OF f. L sententia opinion f. sentire be of opinion

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.