Meaning of ARM in English

ARM

/ ɑːm; NAmE ɑːrm/ noun , verb

■ noun

—see also arms

PART OF BODY

1.

either of the two long parts that stick out from the top of the body and connect the shoulders to the hands :

He escaped with only a broken arm.

She threw her arms around his neck.

The officer grabbed him by the arm (= grabbed his arm) .

She touched him gently on the arm.

He held the dirty rag at arm's length (= as far away from his body as possible) .

They walked along arm in arm (= with the arm of one person linked with the arm of the other) .

She cradled the child in her arms .

They fell asleep in each other's arms (= holding each other) .

He was carrying a number of files under his arm (= between his arm and his body) .

He walked in with a tall blonde on his arm (= next to him and holding his arm) .

—picture at body

OF CLOTHING

2.

the part of a piece of clothing that covers the arm

SYN sleeve

OF CHAIR

3.

the part of a chair, etc. on which you rest your arms

—picture at armchair

OF MACHINERY

4.

a long narrow part of an object or a piece of machinery, especially one that moves, for example a record player

—picture at glass

OF WATER / LAND

5.

a long narrow piece of water or land that is joined to a larger area :

A small bridge spans the arm of the river.

OF ORGANIZATION

6.

[ usually sing. ] arm (of sth) a section of a large organization that deals with one particular activity

SYN wing :

the research arm of the company

IDIOMS

- cost / pay an arm and a leg

- keep sb at arm's length

—more at akimbo , babe , bear verb , chance verb , fold verb , long adjective , open adjective , right adjective , shot noun , twist verb

■ verb

1.

arm yourself / sb (with sth) to provide weapons for yourself/sb in order to fight a battle or a war :

[ vn ]

The men armed themselves with sticks and stones.

( figurative )

She had armed herself for the meeting with all the latest statistics.

[ v ]

The country was arming against the enemy.

—see also armed

2.

[ vn ] to make a bomb, etc. ready to explode

—compare disarm

••

WORD ORIGIN

noun Old English arm , earm , of Germanic origin; related to Dutch arm and German Arm .

verb Middle English : from Old French armer (verb), from Latin armare , from arma armour, arms.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.