Meaning of BAIL in English

BAIL

/ beɪl; NAmE / noun , verb

■ noun

1.

[ U ] money that sb agrees to pay if a person accused of a crime does not appear at their trial. When bail has been arranged, the accused person is allowed to go free until the trial :

Can anyone put up bail for you?

She was released on £2 000 bail .

Bail was set at $1 million.

He committed another offence while he was out on bail (= after bail had been agreed) .

The judge granted / refused bail .

She jumped / skipped bail (= did not appear at her trial) .

2.

[ C , usually pl. ] ( in cricket ) either of the two small pieces of wood on top of each set of three wooden posts (called stumps )

■ verb ( BrE also bale )

1.

to release sb on bail :

[ vn to inf ]

He was bailed to appear in court on 15 March.

[also vn ]

2.

[ v ] ( NAmE , informal ) to leave a place, especially quickly :

Sorry, I really have to bail.

3.

[ vn ] bail sb (up) ( AustralE , NZE , informal ) to approach sb and talk to them, often when they do not want this

PHRASAL VERBS

- bail out (of sth)

- bail out | bail (sth) out

- bail sb out

- bail sb out (of sth)

••

WORD ORIGIN

noun sense 1 and verb Middle English : from Old French , literally custody, jurisdiction , from bailler take charge of, from Latin bajulare bear a burden.

noun sense 2 Middle English (denoting the outer wall of a castle): from Old French baile palisade, enclosure, baillier enclose, perhaps from Latin baculum rod, stick.

pvsym. early 17th cent.: from obsolete bail bucket, from French baille , based on Latin bajulus carrier.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.