Meaning of BRUSH in English

BRUSH

/ brʌʃ; NAmE / noun , verb

■ noun

1.

[ C ] an object made of short stiff hairs (called bristles ) or wires set in a block of wood or plastic, usually attached to a handle. Brushes are used for many different jobs, such as cleaning, painting and tidying your hair :

a paintbrush

a hairbrush

a toothbrush

brush strokes (= the marks left by a brush when painting)

a dustpan and brush

Apply the paint with a fine brush.

2.

[ sing. ] an act of brushing :

to give your teeth a good brush

3.

[ sing. ] a light touch made in passing sth/sb :

the brush of his lips on her cheek

4.

[ C ] brush with sb/sth a short unfriendly meeting with sb; an occasion when you nearly experience sth unpleasant :

She had a nasty brush with her boss this morning.

In his job he's had frequent brushes with death.

a brush with the law

5.

[ U ] land covered by small trees or bushes :

a brush fire

6.

[ C ] the tail of a fox

IDIOMS

see daft adjective , paint verb , tar verb

■ verb

1.

to clean, polish, or make smooth with a brush :

[ vn ]

to brush your hair / teeth / shoes

[ vn - adj ]

A tiled floor is easy to brush clean.

2.

[ vn ] brush A with B | brush B over A to put sth, for example oil, milk or egg, on sth using a brush :

Brush the pastry with beaten egg.

Brush beaten egg over the pastry.

3.

[ vn + adv. / prep. ] to remove sth from a surface with a brush or with your hand :

He brushed the dirt off his jacket.

She brushed the fly away.

4.

brush (against / by / past) sb/sth to touch sb/sth lightly while moving close to them / it :

[ v ]

She brushed past him.

His hand accidentally brushed against hers.

[ vn ]

The leaves brushed her cheek.

He brushed her lips with his.

PHRASAL VERBS

- brush sb/sth aside

- brush sb / yourself down

- brush sth down

- brush off

- brush sb off

- brush sb / yourself off

- brush sth up | brush up on sth

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WORD ORIGIN

verb and noun senses 1 to 4 noun sense 6 Middle English : noun from Old French broisse ; verb partly from Old French brosser to sweep.

noun sense 5 Middle English : from Old French broce , perhaps based on Latin bruscum , denoting an excrescence on a maple.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.