Meaning of BRUSH in English

BRUSH

I. ˈbrəsh noun

( -es )

Usage: often attributive

Etymology: Middle English brusch, from Middle French broce, from Old French, perhaps of Celtic origin; akin to Old Irish froech heather — more at brier

1. : brushwood

2.

a. : scrub vegetation

b. : land covered with scrub vegetation : brushland — often used with the

helped work cattle in the Florida brush — F.B.Gipson

3. chiefly Australia : a dense growth of forest and undergrowth

II. transitive verb

( -ed/-ing/-es )

1. : to clear (land) of brush and undergrowth

brush the back forty

2. : to use cut-off branches as supports for (vines and plants)

peas should be brushed

III. noun

( -es )

Etymology: Middle English brusshe, from Middle French broisse, from Old French broce brushwood

1.

a. : a hand-operated or power-driven tool or device composed of bristles set into a back or a handle or attached to a roller and designed or adapted for such uses as sweeping, scrubbing, painting, and smoothing

a floor brush

a wire brush

b. : one of a pair of long slender devices of this kind with flexible wire bristles used for making soft rhythmic hissing sounds on a cymbal or snare drun especially in a dance band

2. : something resembling or suggesting a brush

a thick brush of wavy hair

as

a. : a heavily haired bushy tail (as that of a fox or squirrel or of certain dogs or cats)

the fox had a handsome red brush

b.

(1) : an herb ( Lepachys columnifera ) of the western United States resembling a coneflower

(2) : the young strobile or gynoecium of the hop

(3) : a tuft of hairs (as on the tip of the wheat kernel)

(4) : the inflorescence of the broomcorn

c. : a feather tuft worn on a hat

a cock-green Tyrolean brush in my hat — Saul Bellow

3.

a. : an electrical conductor commonly in the form of a bundle of copper strips or wire gauze or a block of carbon serving as a means of connection by sliding contact between a stationary and a moving part of an electric circuit (as between line and armature of a generator or a motor)

b. : brush discharge

4.

[ brush (IV) ]

a. : an act or instance of brushing

he gave his old suit a quick brush

b. : a quick light touch : a fleeting momentary contact

she felt the brush of his coat as he hurried by

c.

(1) : a light stroke with one foot, toe, or heel along the floor in any direction in dancing

(2) : a low ballet kick in which the sole of the foot strikes the floor

d. slang : a quiet and decisive rejection or dismissal : brush-off

IV. verb

( -ed/-ing/-es )

Etymology: Middle English brusshen, from brusshe, n.

transitive verb

1.

a. : to apply a brush to or use a brush on

she was brushing her hair

take the bread from the oven and brush the loaves with butter

b. : to apply with a brush

the paint must be brushed carefully onto the porous surface

2.

a. : to remove with a brush or by an act similar to brushing

brush the dust from your shoes

he … brushed the ash from his cigarette — Nevil Shute

b. : to push or force especially in the course of physical motion

two men brushed their way through the crowd

brush obstacles aside

c. : to dispose of in an offhand way : dismiss or reject summarily or perfunctorily — usually used with aside, away, or off

impatiently brushed aside the thought — Kathleen Freeman

brushed our thanks away — Thomas Wood †1950

asked a polite question but was brushed off

3.

a. : to pass lightly over or across : touch gently against in passing

my left hand brushed the wall and found the doorknob — Hartley Howard

b. : affect , touch

the spirit of compromise which responsibility brings has not brushed him — Time

4. : to beat (fibers) lightly to cause fraying or roughening rather than cutting in papermaking

5. dialect chiefly England : trim , clip

brushing the shrubbery

intransitive verb

1. : to make the contact or motion or perform the action of brushing something

other stewards and messmen were scouring, scrubbing, brushing, mopping — Nation's Business

2. of a horse : to interfere slightly so as to produce abrasion

V. adjective

Etymology: brush (III)

: resembling a brush especially in being bristly or cut relatively short and of even length

a brush haircut

a brush mustache

VI. verb

( -ed/-ing/-es )

Etymology: Middle English bruschen to rush, drive (influenced in meaning by 3 & brush ) (IV), from Middle French brosser to dash through underbrush, from broce, brosse, broisse underbrush

intransitive verb

: to move so lightly or deftly as to be scarcely perceptible : move so as to graze, skim over, or sweep something

brush past people quickly without hitting them carelessly with your umbrella — Agnes M. Miall

transitive verb

: to force (a horse) to top speed over a short distance

VII. noun

( -es )

Etymology: Middle English brusche rush, hostile collision (influenced in meaning by 3 & brush ) (IV), from bruschen to rush, drive

1. : a brief or fleeting encounter ; usually : one that involves an element of risk or contention

he had several brushes with the law

a brush with enemy troops

2. : a usually short often impromptu race

the horses came even and their riders decided to have a brush

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.