Meaning of DARK in English

DARK

/ dɑːk; NAmE dɑːrk/ adjective , noun

■ adjective

( dark·er , dark·est )

WITH LITTLE LIGHT

1.

with no or very little light, especially because it is night :

a dark room / street / forest

What time does it get dark in summer?

It was dark outside and I couldn't see much.

OPP light

COLOURS

2.

not light; closer in shade to black than to white :

dark blue / green / red, etc.

Darker colours are more practical and don't show stains.

OPP light , pale

3.

having a colour that is close to black :

a dark suit

dark-coloured wood

The dark clouds in the sky meant that a storm was coming.

HAIR / SKIN / EYES

4.

brown or black in colour :

Sue has long dark hair.

Even if you have dark skin, you still need protection from the sun.

5.

( of a person ) having dark hair, eyes, etc. :

a dark handsome stranger

OPP fair

MYSTERIOUS

6.

mysterious; hidden and not known about :

There are no dark secrets in our family.

EVIL

7.

evil or frightening :

There was a darker side to his nature.

the dark forces of the imagination

WITHOUT HOPE

8.

unpleasant and without any hope that sth good will happen :

the darkest days of Fascism

The film is a dark vision of the future.

PHONETICS

9.

( of a speech sound ) produced with the back part of the tongue close to the back of the mouth. In many accents of English, dark /l/ is used after a vowel, as in ball .

OPP clear

IDIOMS

- a dark horse

- keep sth dark

■ noun

NO LIGHT

1.

the dark [ sing. ] the lack of light in a place, especially because it is night :

All the lights went out and we were left in the dark .

Are the children afraid of the dark?

animals that can see in the dark

COLOUR

2.

[ U ] an amount of sth that is dark in colour :

patterns of light and dark

IDIOMS

- after / before dark

- in the dark (about sth)

- a shot / stab in the dark

—more at leap noun

••

WORD ORIGIN

Old English deorc , of Germanic origin, probably distantly related to German tarnen conceal.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.