Meaning of DARK in English

DARK

/dahrk/ , adj., darker, darkest , n. , v.

adj.

1. having very little or no light: a dark room.

2. radiating, admitting, or reflecting little light: a dark color.

3. approaching black in hue: a dark brown.

4. not pale or fair; swarthy: a dark complexion.

5. brunette; dark-colored: dark eyebrows.

6. having brunette hair: She's dark but her children are blond.

7. (of coffee) containing only a small amount of milk or cream.

8. gloomy; cheerless; dismal: the dark days of World War II.

9. sullen; frowning: a dark expression.

10. evil; iniquitous; wicked: a dark plot.

11. destitute of knowledge or culture; unenlightened.

12. hard to understand; obscure.

13. hidden; secret.

14. silent; reticent.

15. (of a theater) offering no performances; closed: The theaters in this town are dark on Sundays.

16. Phonet.

a. (of an l- sound) having back-vowel resonance; situated after a vowel in the same syllable. Cf. clear (def. 24a).

b. (of a speech sound) of dull quality; acoustically damped.

17. keep dark , to keep as a secret; conceal: They kept their political activities dark.

n.

18. the absence of light; darkness: I can't see well in the dark.

19. night; nightfall: Please come home before dark.

20. a dark place.

21. a dark color.

22. in the dark ,

a. in ignorance; uninformed: He was in the dark about their plans for the evening.

b. in secrecy; concealed; obscure.

v.t.

23. to make dark; darken.

v.i.

24. Obs. to grow dark; darken.

[ bef. 1000; (adj.) ME derk, OE deorc; (n. and v.) ME, deriv. of the adj.; cf. MHG terken to darken, hide ]

Syn. 1. DARK, DIM, OBSCURE, GLOOMY, MURKY refer to absence or insufficiency of light. DARK implies a more or less complete absence of light: a dark night. DIM implies faintness of light or indistinctness of form (resulting from the lack of light or from imperfect vision): a dim outline. OBSCURE implies dimness that may arise also from factors that interfere with light or vision: obscure because of haze. GLOOMY means cloudy, ill-lighted, dusky: a gloomy hall. MURKY implies a thick or misty darkness: murky water. 4. dusky, black. 12. recondite, abstruse.

Ant. 1. lighted. 2. bright. 8. cheerful. 9. pleasant. 12. clear.

Random House Webster's Unabridged English dictionary.      Полный английский словарь Вебстер - Random House .