Meaning of HOLD in English

HOLD

/ həʊld; NAmE hoʊld/ verb , noun

■ verb

( held , held / held; NAmE /)

IN HAND / ARMS

1.

[ vn ] to carry sth; to have sb/sth in your hand, arms, etc. :

She was holding a large box.

I held the mouse by its tail.

The girl held her father's hand tightly.

He was holding the baby in his arms.

The winning captain held the trophy in the air.

We were holding hands (= holding each other's hands) .

The lovers held each other close.

2.

[ vn ] to put your hand on part of your body, usually because it hurts :

She groaned and held her head.

IN POSITION

3.

[usually + adv. / prep. ] to keep sb/sth in a particular position :

[ vn ]

Hold your head up.

Hold this position for a count of 10.

The wood is held in position by a clamp.

I had to hold my stomach in (= pull the muscles flat) to zip up my jeans.

[ vn - adj ]

I'll hold the door open for you.

SUPPORT

4.

[ vn ] to support the weight of sb/sth :

I don't think that branch will hold your weight.

CONTAIN

5.

[ vn ] to have enough space for sth/sb; to contain sth/sb :

This barrel holds 25 litres.

The plane holds about 300 passengers.

SB PRISONER

6.

to keep sb and not allow them to leave :

[ vn ]

Police are holding two men in connection with last Thursday's bank raid.

[ vn - n ]

He was held prisoner for two years.

CONTROL

7.

[ vn ] to defend sth against attack; to have control of sth :

The rebels held the radio station.

REMAIN

8.

[ v ] to remain strong and safe or in position :

They were afraid the dam wouldn't hold.

9.

[ v ] to remain the same :

How long will the fine weather hold?

If their luck holds, they could still win the championship.

KEEP

10.

[ vn ] to keep sb's attention or interest :

There wasn't much in the museum to hold my attention.

11.

[ vn ] to keep sth at the same level, rate, speed, etc. :

Hold your speed at 70.

12.

[ vn ] to keep sth so that it can be used later :

records held on computer

Our solicitor holds our wills.

We can hold your reservation for three days.

OWN

13.

[ vn ] to own or have sth :

Employees hold 30% of the shares.

JOB

14.

[ vn ] to have a particular job or position :

How long has he held office?

RECORD / TITLE

15.

[ vn ] to have sth you have gained or achieved :

Who holds the world record for the long jump?

She held the title of world champion for three years.

OPINION

16.

[ vn ] to have a belief or an opinion about sb/sth :

He holds strange views on education.

She is held in high regard by her students (= they have a high opinion of her) .

firmly-held beliefs

17.

( formal ) to consider that sth is true :

[ v that ]

I still hold that the government's economic policies are mistaken.

[ vn - adj ]

Parents will be held responsible for their children's behaviour.

[ vn to inf ]

These vases are held to be the finest examples of Greek art.

HELP NOTE : This pattern is usually used in the passive.

MEETING

18.

[ vn ] [ usually passive ] to have a meeting, competition, conversation, etc. :

The meeting will be held in the community centre.

It's impossible to hold a conversation with all this noise.

ROAD / COURSE

19.

[ vn ] if a vehicle holds the road , it is in close contact with the road and easy to control, especially when driven fast

20.

[ vn ] if a ship or an aircraft holds a course , it continues to move in a particular direction

IN MUSIC

21.

[ vn ] to make a note continue for a particular time

ON TELEPHONE

22.

to wait until you can speak to the person you have telephoned :

[ v ]

That extension is busy right now. Can you hold?

[ vn ]

She asked me to hold the line .

STOP

23.

[ vn ] used to tell sb to stop doing sth or not to do sth :

Hold your fire! (= don't shoot)

Hold the front page! (= don't print it until a particular piece of news is available)

( NAmE , informal )

Give me a hot dog, but hold the (= don't give me any) mustard.

IDIOMS

Most idioms containing hold are at the entries for the nouns and adjectives in the idioms, for example hold the fort is at fort .  

- hold good

- hold it

- there is no holding sb

PHRASAL VERBS

- hold sth against sb

- hold sb/sth back

- hold sth back

- hold back (from doing sth) | hold sb back (from doing sth)

- hold sb down

- hold sth down

- hold forth

- hold sth in

- hold off

- hold sb/sth off

- hold on

- hold sth on

- hold on (to sth/sb) | hold onto sth/sb

- hold on to sth | hold onto sth

- hold out

- hold out sth

- hold sth out

- hold out for sth

- hold out on sb

- hold sth over

- hold sth over sb

- hold sb to sth

- hold together | hold sth together

- hold up

- hold sb/sth up

- hold up sth

- hold with sth

■ noun

WITH HAND

1.

[ sing. , U ] the action of holding sb/sth; the way you are holding sb/sth

SYN grip :

His hold on her arm tightened.

She tried to keep hold of the child's hand.

Make sure you've got a steady hold on the camera.

IN SPORT

2.

[ C ] a particular way of holding sb, especially in a sport such as wrestling or in a fight :

The wrestler put his opponent into a head hold.

POWER / CONTROL

3.

[ sing. ] hold (on / over sb/sth) influence, power or control over sb/sth :

What she knew about his past gave her a hold over him.

He struggled to get a hold of his anger.

—see also stranglehold

IN CLIMBING

4.

[ C ] a place where you can put your hands or feet when climbing

—see also foothold , handhold , toehold

ON SHIP / PLANE

5.

[ C ] the part of a ship or plane where the goods being carried are stored

—picture at plane

IDIOMS

- catch, get, grab, take, etc. (a) hold of sb/sth

- get hold of sb

- get hold of sth

- no holds barred

- on hold

- take (a) hold

—more at wrong adjective

••

SYNONYMS

hold

hold on ♦ cling ♦ clutch ♦ grip ♦ grasp ♦ clasp ♦ hang on

These words all mean to have sb/sth in your hands, arms, etc.

hold

to have sb/sth in your hand, arms, etc.:

She was holding a large box.

I held the baby gently in my arms.

hold on (to sb/sth)

to continue to hold sb/sth; to put your hand on sb/sth and not take your hand away:

Hold on and don't let go until I say so.

cling

to hold on to sb/sth tightly, especially with your whole body:

Survivors clung to pieces of floating debris.

clutch

to hold sb/sth tightly, especially in your hand; to take hold of sth suddenly:

She stood there, the flowers still clutched in her hand.

He felt himself slipping and clutched at a branch.

grip

to hold on to sth very tightly with your hand:

Grip the rope as tightly as you can.

grasp

to take hold of sth firmly:

He grasped my hand and shook it warmly.

NOTE

The object of grasp is often sb's hand or wrist .

clasp

( formal ) to hold sb/sth tightly in your hand or in your arms:

They clasped hands (= held each other's hands) .

She clasped the children in her arms.

NOTE

The object of clasp is often your hands , sb else's hand or another person.

hang on (to sth)

to hold on to sth very tightly, especially in order to support yourself or stop yourself from falling:

Hang on tight. We're off!

PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS :

to hold / clutch / grip / clasp sth in your hand / hands

to hold / catch / clasp sb/sth in your arms

to grip / grasp sth with your hand / hands

to hold / clutch / grip / grasp / clasp / hang on to sth

to hold / cling / hang on

to hold / clutch / clasp sb/sth to you

to hold / hold on to / cling to / clutch / grip / grasp / clasp / hang on to sb/sth tight / tightly / firmly

••

WORD ORIGIN

verb and noun senses 1 to 4 Old English haldan , healdan , of Germanic origin; related to Dutch houden and German halten ; the noun is partly from Old Norse hald hold, support, custody.

noun sense 5 late 16th cent.: from obsolete holl , from Old English hol , holian (verb), of Germanic origin; related to Dutch hol (noun) cave, (adjective) hollow, and German hohl hollow, from an Indo-European root meaning cover, conceal. The addition of -d was due to association with hold (all other senses).

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.