Meaning of KEEP in English

KEEP

/ kiːp; NAmE / verb , noun

■ verb

( kept , kept / kept; NAmE /)

STAY

1.

to stay in a particular condition or position; to make sb/sth do this :

[ v - adj ]

We huddled together to keep warm.

[ v + adv. / prep. ]

The notice said 'Keep off (= Do not walk on) the grass'.

Keep left along the wall.

[ vn - adj ]

She kept the children amused for hours.

[ vn , usually + adv. / prep. ]

He kept his coat on.

Don't keep us in suspense —what happened next?

She had trouble keeping her balance .

[ vn -ing ]

I'm very sorry to keep you waiting .

CONTINUE

2.

[ v -ing ] keep (on) doing sth to continue doing sth; to do sth repeatedly :

Keep smiling!

Don't keep on interrupting me!

DELAY

3.

[ vn ] to delay sb :

You're an hour late—what kept you?

SYN hold sb up

NOT GIVE BACK

4.

[ vn ] to continue to have sth and not give it back or throw it away :

Here's a five dollar bill—please keep the change .

I keep all her letters.

SAVE FOR SB

5.

keep sth (for sb) | keep sb sth ( especially BrE ) to save sth for sb :

[ vn , vnn ]

Please keep a seat for me.

Please keep me a seat.

PUT / STORE

6.

[ vn + adv. / prep. ] to put or store sth in a particular place :

Keep your passport in a safe place.

SHOP / RESTAURANT

7.

[ vn ] ( especially BrE ) to own and manage a shop / store or restaurant :

Her father kept a grocer's shop.

ANIMALS

8.

[ vn ] to own and care for animals :

to keep bees / goats / hens

ABOUT HEALTH

9.

[ v + adv. / prep. ] ( informal ) used to ask or talk about sb's health :

How is your mother keeping ?

We're all keeping well.

OF FOOD

10.

[ v ] to remain in good condition :

Finish off the pie—it won't keep.

( informal , figurative )

'I'd love to hear about it, but I'm late already.' 'That's OK— it'll keep (= I can tell you about it later) .

SECRET

11.

keep a secret | keep sth secret (from sb) to know sth and not tell it to anyone :

[ vn ]

Can you keep a secret?

[ vn - adj ]

She kept her past secret from us all.

PROMISE / APPOINTMENT

12.

[ vn ] keep your promise / word | keep an appointment to do what you have promised to do; to go where you have agreed to go :

She kept her promise to visit them.

He failed to keep his appointment at the clinic.

DIARY / RECORD

13.

[ vn ] keep a diary, an account, a record, etc. to write down sth as a record :

She kept a diary for over twenty years.

Keep a note of where each item can be found.

SUPPORT SB

14.

[ vn ] to provide what is necessary for sb to live; to support sb by paying for food, etc. :

He scarcely earns enough to keep himself and his family.

PROTECT

15.

[ vn ] keep sb (from sth) ( formal ) to protect sb from sth :

May the Lord bless you and keep you (= used in prayers in the Christian Church) .

His only thought was to keep the boy from harm.

IN SPORT

16.

[ vn ] keep goal / wicket ( BrE ) ( in football ( soccer ), hockey , cricket , etc. ) to guard or protect the goal or wicket

—see also goalkeeper , wicketkeeper

IDIOMS

Most idioms containing keep are at the entries for the nouns and adjectives in the idioms, for example keep house is at house .  

- keep going

- keep sb going

PHRASAL VERBS

- keep sb after

- keep at sth

- keep sb at sth

- keep away (from sb/sth)

- keep sb/sth away (from sb/sth)

- keep back (from sb/sth)

- keep sb back

- keep sb back (from sb/sth)

- keep sth back

- keep sth back (from sb)

- keep down

- keep sb down

- keep sth down

- keep from sth | keep yourself from sth

- keep sb from sth

- keep sth from sb

- keep sth from sth

- keep in with sb

- keep sth in

- keep sb in

- keep sb / yourself in sth

- keep off

- keep off sth

- keep sb/sth off | keep sb/sth off sb/sth

- keep on

- keep sb on

- keep sth on

- keep on (at sb) (about sb/sth)

- keep out (of sth)

- keep sb/sth out (of sth)

- keep out of sth | keep sb out of sth

- keep to sth

- keep (yourself) to yourself

- keep sth to yourself

- keep sb under

- keep up

- keep up (with sb/sth)

- keep up with sb

- keep up with sth

- keep sb up

- keep sth up

■ noun

1.

[ U ] food, clothes and all the other things that a person needs to live; the cost of these things :

It's about time you got a job to earn your keep .

2.

[ C ] a large strong tower, built as part of an old castle

IDIOMS

- for keeps

—more at earn

••

WORD ORIGIN

late Old English cēpan seize, take in , also care for, attend to , of unknown origin.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.