Meaning of PRESS in English

PRESS

/ pres; NAmE / noun , verb

■ noun

NEWSPAPERS

1.

(often the Press ) [ sing.+ sing./pl. v . ] newspapers and magazines :

the local / national / foreign press

the popular / tabloid press (= smaller newspapers with a lot of pictures and stories of famous people)

The story was reported in the press and on television.

the music / sporting press (= newspapers and magazines about music / sport)

Unlike the American, the British press operates on a national scale.

the freedom of the Press / press freedom (= the freedom to report any events and express opinions)

The event is bound to attract wide press coverage (= it will be written about in many newspapers) .

—see also gutter press

2.

the press , the Press [ sing.+ sing./pl. v . ] the journalists and photographers who work for newspapers and magazines :

The Press was / were not allowed to attend the trial.

3.

[ sing. , U ] the type or amount of reports that newspapers write about sb/sth :

The airline has had a bad press recently (= journalists have written unpleasant things about it) .

PUBLISHING / PRINTING

4.

[ C , U ] a machine for printing books, newspapers, etc.; the process of printing them :

We were able to watch the books rolling off the presses.

These prices are correct at the time of going to press .

a story that is hot off the press (= has just appeared in the newspapers)

—see also printing press , stop press

5.

[ C ] a business that prints and publishes books :

Oxford University Press

EQUIPMENT FOR PRESSING

6.

[ C ] (especially in compounds) a piece of equipment that is used for creating pressure on things, to make them flat or to get liquid from them :

a trouser press

a garlic press

ACT OF PUSHING

7.

[ C , usually sing. ] an act of pushing sth with your hand or with a tool that you are holding :

He gave the bell another press.

Those shirts need a press (= with an iron) .

CROWD

8.

[ sing. ] a large number of people or things competing for space or movement

SYN throng :

the press of bodies all moving the same way

CUPBOARD

9.

[ C ] ( IrishE , ScotE ) a large cupboard, usually with shelves, for holding clothes, books, etc.

■ verb

PUSH / SQUEEZE

1.

press (sth/sb / yourself) against sth | press sth to sth | press sth together to push sth closely and firmly against sth; to be pushed in this way :

[ vn ]

She pressed her face against the window.

He pressed a handkerchief to his nose.

She pressed her lips together.

[ v ]

His body was pressing against hers.

2.

to push or squeeze part of a device, etc. in order to make it work :

[ vn ]

to press a button / switch / key

[ vn - adj ]

He pressed the lid firmly shut.

[ v , usually + adv. / prep. ]

Press here to open.

She pressed down hard on the gas pedal.

3.

[ vn ] press sth into / onto sth to put sth in a place by pushing it firmly :

He pressed a coin into her hand and moved on.

4.

[ vn ] to squeeze sb's hand or arm, especially as a sign of affection

5.

[ v + adv. / prep. ] ( of people in a crowd ) to move in the direction mentioned by pushing :

The photographers pressed around the royal visitors.

( figurative )

A host of unwelcome thoughts were pressing in on him.

TRY TO PERSUADE

6.

press sb (for sth) | press sb (into sth / into doing sth) to make strong efforts to persuade or force sb to do sth

SYN push , urge :

[ vn ]

If pressed , he will admit that he knew about the affair.

The bank is pressing us for repayment of the loan.

[ vn to inf ]

They are pressing us to make a quick decision.

POINT / CLAIM / CASE

7.

[ vn ] to express or repeat sth with force :

I don't want to press the point , but you do owe me $200.

She is still pressing her claim for compensation.

They were determined to press their case at the highest level.

MAKE FLAT / SMOOTH

8.

to make sth flat or smooth by using force or putting sth heavy on top :

[ vn ]

pressed flowers (= pressed between the pages of a book)

[ vn - adj ]

Press the soil flat with the back of a spade.

9.

[ vn ] to make clothes smooth using a hot iron

SYN iron :

My suit needs pressing.

FRUIT / VEGETABLES

10.

[ vn ] to squeeze the juice out of fruit or vegetables by using force or weight

METAL

11.

[ vn ] to make sth from a material, using pressure :

to press a CD

The car bodies are pressed out of sheets of metal.

IDIOMS

- press (the) flesh

- press sth home

- press sb/sth into service

—more at button verb , charge noun , panic button

PHRASAL VERBS

- press ahead / on (with sth)

- press for sth

- press sth on sb

••

WORD ORIGIN

noun and verb Middle English : from Old French presse (noun), presser (verb), from Latin pressare keep pressing, frequentative of premere .

press sb/sth into service. late 16th cent.: alteration (by association with press , verb) of obsolete prest pay given on enlistment, enlistment by such payment , from Old French prest loan, advance pay, based on Latin praestare provide.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.