Meaning of PROP in English

PROP

/ prɒp; NAmE prɑːp/ noun , verb

■ noun

1.

a piece of wood, metal, etc. used to support sth or keep it in position :

Rescuers used props to stop the roof of the tunnel collapsing.

a pit prop (= one used in a coal mine)

2.

a person or thing that gives help or support to sb/sth that is weak

3.

[ usually pl. ] a small object used by actors during the performance of a play or in a film / movie :

He is responsible for all the stage props and lighting.

4.

(also ˈprop forward ) ( in rugby ) a player on either side of the front row of a scrum

■ verb

( -pp- ) prop sth/sb (up) (against sth) to support an object by leaning it against sth, or putting sth under it etc.; to support a person in the same way :

[ vn + adv. / prep. ]

He propped his bike against the wall.

She propped herself up on one elbow.

He lay propped against the pillows.

[ vn - adj ]

The door was propped open.

PHRASAL VERBS

- prop sth up

••

WORD ORIGIN

noun senses 1 to 2 and noun sense 4 verb late Middle English : probably from Middle Dutch proppe support (for vines).

noun sense 3 mid 19th cent.: abbreviation of property .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.