Meaning of RECORD in English

RECORD

noun , verb

■ noun

/ ˈrekɔːd; NAmE ˈrekərd/

WRITTEN ACCOUNT

1.

[ C ] record (of sth) a written account of sth that is kept so that it can be looked at and used in the future :

You should keep a record of your expenses.

medical / dental records

Last summer was the wettest on record .

It was the worst flood since records began .

MUSIC

2.

[ C ] a thin round piece of plastic on which music, etc. is recorded :

to play a record

a record collection

a record company (= one which produces and sells records)

HIGHEST / BEST

3.

[ C ] the best result or the highest or lowest level that has ever been reached, especially in sport :

She holds the world record for the 100 metres.

to break the record (= to achieve a better result than there has ever been before)

to set a new record

There was a record number of candidates for the post.

I got to work in record time .

record profits

Unemployment has reached a record high (= the highest level ever) .

OF SB / STH'S PAST

4.

[ sing. ] record (on sth) the facts that are known about sb/sth's past behaviour, character, achievements, etc. :

The report criticizes the government's record on housing.

The airline has a good safety record .

He has an impressive record of achievement.

—see also track record

OF CRIMES

5.

(also ˌcriminal ˈrecord ) [ C ] the fact of having committed crimes in the past :

Does he have a record?

IDIOMS

- (just) for the record

- off the record

- put / place sth on (the) record | be / go on (the) record (as saying ... )

- put / set the record straight

—more at matter noun

■ verb

/ rɪˈkɔːd; NAmE rɪˈkɔːrd/

KEEP ACCOUNT

1.

to keep a permanent account of facts or events by writing them down, filming them, storing them in a computer, etc. :

[ vn ]

Her childhood is recorded in the diaries of those years.

You should record all your expenses during your trip.

[ v wh- ]

His job is to record how politicians vote on major issues.

[also v that , vn that ]

MAKE COPY

2.

to make a copy of music, a film / movie, etc. by storing it on tape or a disc so that you can listen to or watch it again :

[ vn ]

Did you remember to record that programme for me?

a recorded concert

[ vn -ing ]

He recorded the class rehearsing before the performance.

[ v ]

Tell me when the tape starts recording.

MUSIC

3.

to perform music so that it can be copied onto and kept on tape :

[ vn ]

The band is back in the US recording their new album.

[also v ]

MAKE OFFICIAL STATEMENT

4.

to make an official or legal statement about sth :

[ vn ]

The coroner recorded a verdict of accidental death.

[also v that ]

OF MEASURING INSTRUMENT

5.

to show a particular measurement or amount :

[ vn ]

The thermometer recorded a temperature of 40°C.

[also v wh- ]

••

WORD ORIGIN

Middle English : from Old French record remembrance, from recorder bring to remembrance, from Latin recordari remember, based on cor , cord- heart. The noun was earliest used in law to denote the fact of being written down as evidence. The verb originally meant narrate orally or in writing , also repeat so as to commit to memory .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.