Meaning of SEPARATION in English

SEPARATION

/ ˌsepəˈreɪʃn; NAmE / noun

1.

[ U , sing. ] separation (from sb/sth) | separation (between A and B) the act of separating people or things; the state of being separate :

the state's eventual separation from the federation

the need for a clear separation between Church and State

2.

[ C ] a period of time that people spend apart from each other :

They were reunited after a separation of more than 20 years.

3.

[ C ] a decision that a husband and wife make to live apart while they are still legally married :

a legal separation

—compare divorce

••

WORD ORIGIN

late Middle English : via Old French from Latin separatio(n-) , from separare disjoin, divide, from se- apart + parare prepare.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.